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Message from the Chief Executive Officer

Stephanie Price interim ceoEngineers Canada is pleased to publish this year’s enrolment and degrees awarded report summarizing trends in post-secondary engineering education in Canada. This document comprises information on all academic terms from the calendar years 2012 through 2016.

Canadian post-secondary institutions continue to report a strong growth in the number of students pursuing engineering degrees. Undergraduate enrolment increased a total of 21.3 per cent from 2012 and 3.0 per cent from 2015, reaching 84,406 students in 2016. It is encouraging to see that every engineering discipline displayed higher undergraduate enrolment numbers in 2016 than in 2012, and that post-graduate enrolment also continues to grow, reaching a total of 23,489 students.

We are excited to report that the proportion of female students enrolled in undergraduate and master’s engineering programs established new records, reaching 20.7 per cent and 25.3 per cent of total enrolment, respectively. We hope that this achievement will motivate engineering education and the engineering profession to break new records in the years to come.

Canadian engineering programs remain a popular choice for international students. In 2016, the number of undergraduate international students reached 13,662 or 16.2 per cent of the total.

For the second consecutive year, Engineers Canada collected data regarding Indigenous students’ enrolment and degrees awarded. Similar to the female population in engineering programs, Indigenous peoples are greatly underrepresented, as approximately one per cent of reported undergraduate students identify as Indigenous peoples. This is much less than the 4.9 per cent of Canadians who identify as Indigenous peoples (Statistics Canada 2017).

Engineers Canada will continue to track this information in the coming years to identify trends and to further encourage enrolment and achievement in post-secondary engineering programs that reflect Canada’s diversity.

Acknowledgements

Engineers Canada gratefully acknowledges the contribution of data and information from the deans and associate deans of the engineering and applied science faculties at Canadian higher education institutions. Cover Image Credit: University of Ottawa. Report By: Vinicius Rossi

Introduction

The Engineering Enrolment and Degrees Awarded Report is an annual examination of Canada's undergraduate and postgraduate engineering programs that evaluates trends in part- and full-time student enrolment and degrees awarded over a five-year period. In 2016, 49 universities provided information on their enrolment, programs, and degrees awarded.

The results highlight enrolment trends by discipline and institution, as well as the number of undergraduate and postgraduate degrees awarded each year. These results reveal trends specific to discipline, education, and gender, as well as the number of engineering graduates available to enter the labour market, international students’ participation in Canadian engineering education, and students studying in co-op programs. Enrolment trends in undergraduate, master’s, and doctoral levels are compared, along with men and women studying and graduating from engineering programs. For the second year, data regarding Indigenous peoples’ enrolment and graduation from engineering programs are presented in this report. Engineers Canada plans to continue this data collection in coming years to be able to identify emerging trends.

Data is provided by higher education institutions to Engineers Canada. Engineers Canada compiles the information in this report. Findings are then shared with Engineers Canada’s stakeholders and with the public. Engineers Canada greatly appreciates the contribution of these higher education institutions.

 

Engineering Enrolment and Degrees Awarded 2016 facts

 

Undergraduate students

Total undergraduate student enrolment

Undergraduate student enrolment in accredited engineering programs continues to grow, reaching 84,446 students in 2016; an increase of 3.0 per cent from 2015 and 21.3 per cent from 2012.

Chart 1.1 indicates that when engineering programs seeking accreditation—but not yet accredited —are included in the sum, the total undergraduate enrolment rises to 85,703 students, reflecting an increase of 3.3 per cent from 2015 and 21.1 per cent from 2012.

Chart 1.1 - Undergraduate enrolment (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 1.1 - Undergraduate enrolment
(2012-2016, full-time equivalent)

The top of the chart contains the percentage growth relative to the previous year as well as the sum of values represented by each column.

Total undergraduate student enrolment by discipline

Once again this year, the most popular undergraduate engineering disciplines were mechanical engineering, civil engineering, and electrical engineering, representing 22.4 per cent, 14.7 per cent and 13.9 per cent of total undergraduate enrolment respectively. On the other hand, the fields that accounted for the smallest proportion of undergraduate enrolment in 2016 were mining or mineral engineering (1.5 per cent), materials or metallurgical engineering (1.1 per cent), and geological engineering (0.9 per cent).

Engineering physics (15.3 per cent), software engineering (14.4 per cent), and computer engineering (13.1 per cent) presented the highest growth rate over last year. Likewise, the disciplines that experienced the largest cumulative growth from 2012 were software engineering (83.0 per cent), biosystems engineering (67.0 per cent), and computer engineering (55.5 per cent).

Conversely, mining or mineral engineering (11.8 per cent), materials or metallurgical engineering (5.3 per cent), and geological engineering (4.2 per cent) had the greatest rate of decline since last year. Despite this reduction from the previous year, it is important to note that all engineering fields displayed greater enrolment numbers than in 2012, suggesting that the observed rates of decline over the last year were not trends observed over the past five years.

Chart 1.2 - Undergraduate enrolment by program (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 1.2 - Undergraduate enrolment by program (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)

Total undergraduate student enrolment by province

While the University of Prince Edward Island is the only university with engineering programs in the province, it did not provide any data to Engineers Canada. Therefore, the province of Prince Edward Island is not accounted for in this report.

The highest proportion of undergraduate enrolment continues to belong to Ontario and Quebec. In 2016, these provinces accounted for 45.0 per cent and 25.6 per cent of total enrolment, respectively. Furthermore, Chart 1.3 indicates that Nova Scotia and Ontario underwent the largest percentage increase in enrolment since last year, with growths of 8.0 per cent and 4.4 per cent, respectively. 

Likewise, the highest cumulative enrolment growths from 2012 were seen in Ontario (31.4 per cent) and Saskatchewan (31.0 per cent). During this time, there was a total of 20 newly accredited programs in Canada, including 12 in Ontario and one in Saskatchewan, which contributed to this growth.

By contrast, British Columbia was the only province to experience a decrease in the number of undergraduate students enrolled in engineering programs from 2015 (-2.1 per cent), while New Brunswick and British Columbia were the only provinces to experience a cumulative decrease from 2012, revealing a reduction of 13.0 per cent and 8.3 per cent, respectively. Program closure did not contribute to the decrease in enrolment as there were no engineering programs that were discontinued during that time period in these two provinces.

Chart 1.3 displays the average rate of change in undergraduate enrolment by provinces for the periods of 2015-2016 and 2012-2016.

Chart 1.3 - Average rate of growth in undergraduate enrolment of accredited programs by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 1.3 - Average rate of growth in undergraduate enrolment of accredited programs by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016, full-time equivalent)

Total undergraduate degrees awarded

The number of undergraduate degrees awarded increased by 2.4 per cent from the previous year, totalling 14,905 in 2016. This characterizes a slower growth rate when compared to the average annual increase of 4.1 per cent for the period of 2012 to 2016. Cumulatively, the number of degrees awarded has increased 20.4 per cent from 2012.

Chart 1.4 shows the trends in degrees awarded for the period of 2012 to 2016.

Chart 1.4 - Undergraduate degrees awarded (2012-2016)
Chart 1.4 - Undergraduate degrees awarded (2012-2016)
The top of the chart contains the percentage growth relative to the previous year.

Chart 1.5 shows that Manitoba, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia witnessed the highest increase in undergraduate degrees awarded from 2015, with growths of 17.0 per cent, 10.7 per cent, and 8.8 per cent, respectively. Conversely, British Columbia and Saskatchewan were the only provinces to see decreases, with the number of degrees awarded decreasing by 3.2 per cent and 12.4 per cent, respectively. Moreover, while Nova Scotia experienced a decrease of 12.8 per cent in degrees awarded from 2012, every other province observed an increase of at least 13 per cent, except for Saskatchewan, which produced a constant number of degrees awarded for the period.

Chart 1.5 - Average rate of growth in undergraduate degrees awarded by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016)
Chart 1.5 - Average rate of growth in undergraduate degrees awarded by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016)

In keeping with the trends in undergraduate enrolment, the mechanical engineering, civil engineering, and electrical engineering programs awarded the greatest number of degrees, representing 25.4 per cent, 18.5 per cent, and 16.3 per cent of total degrees awarded, respectively. Furthermore, biosystems engineering exhibited the largest growth in degrees awarded from 2015, with an increase of 18.1 per cent, as well as from 2012, with a cumulative increase of 82.6 per cent. This growth is partially explained by the fact that six out of the 20 newly accredited programs in the past five years were biosystems programs, demonstrating that its demand has been increasing significantly in the past few years.

Even though four engineering disciplines experienced a decrease in the total number of degrees awarded from 2015, every discipline has awarded more degrees in 2016 than in 2012, with chemical engineering displaying the slowest rate of growth (5.6%).

Chart 1.6 indicates the average rate of growth of undergraduate degrees awarded by discipline for the periods of 2012 to 2016 and 2015 to 2016.

Chart 1.6 - Average rate of growth in undergraduate degrees awarded by discipline (2012-2016 and 2015-2016)
Chart 1.6 - Average rate of growth in undergraduate degrees awarded by discipline (2012-2016 and 2015-2016)
 

Graduate students

Total graduate student enrolment

Graduate student enrolment increased by 1.7 per cent from 2015, totalling 23,489 students in 2016. This is a considerably slower growth rate when compared to a 2.5 per cent annual average over the past five years. Cumulatively, graduate student enrolment has increased 10.1 per cent since 2012.

Chart 1.7 displays the trends in full-time equivalent graduate student enrolment from 2012 to 2016.

Chart 1.7 - Graduate Student Enrolment (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 1.7 - Graduate Student Enrolment (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
The top of the chart contains the percentage growth relative to the previous year as well as the sum of values represented by each column.

The province that displayed the highest growth in master’s enrolment over the previous year was Newfoundland and Labrador (19.7 per cent), while the one that displayed the highest cumulative growth since 2012 was Saskatchewan (32.5 per cent). The largest decrease from 2015 was observed in British Columbia (-18.2 per cent), while the largest decrease from 2012 was seen in New Brunswick (-22.8 per cent).

Similarly, the highest growth in doctoral enrolment from both 2012 and 2015 happened in Newfoundland and Labrador (113 and 29 per cent respectively), while the largest decreases were seen in Saskatchewan (from 2015; 29.7 per cent) and New Brunswick (from 2012; 18.4 per cent).

Charts 1.8 and 1.9 display the average rate of growth in graduate enrolment by province.

Chart 1.8 - Average rate of growth in master degrees enrolment by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 1.8 - Average rate of growth in master degrees enrolment by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 1.9 - Average rate of growth in doctoral degrees enrolment by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 1.9 - Average rate of growth in doctoral degrees enrolment by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016, full-time equivalent)

Total post-graduate degrees awarded

A total of 6,539 master’s and 1,546 doctoral degrees were awarded in 2016 for a combined sum of 8,085 post-graduate degrees awarded. This corresponds to a growth of 4.6 per cent in master’s degrees and of 8.8 per cent in doctoral degrees awarded when compared to 2015. This number has increased by 26.7 per cent from 2012, with a 5.4 per cent growth from 2015, representing a much greater growth in degrees awarded than the growth in post-graduate enrolment.

Chart 1.10 showcases the trends in post-graduate degrees awarded for the period of 2012 to 2016.

Chart 1.10 - Post-graduate degrees awarded (2012-2016)
Chart 1.10 - Post-graduate degrees awarded (2012-2016)
The top of the chart contains the percentage growth relative to the previous year as well as the sum of values represented by each column.

New Brunswick displayed the fastest growth in number of post-graduate degrees awarded since 2015 (85.7 per cent), while Nova Scotia displayed the largest decrease (-55.8 per cent).

Chart 1.11 indicates the average growth in master’s degrees awarded by province for the periods of 2012 to 2016 and 2015 to 2016, while Chart 1.12 indicates the same trends for doctorate degrees.

Chart 1.11 - Average rate of growth in master degrees awarded by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016)
Chart 1.11 - Average rate of growth in master degrees awarded by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016)
Chart 1.12 - Average rate of growth in doctoral degrees awarded by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016)
Chart 1.12 - Average rate of growth in doctoral degrees awarded by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016)
 

Total female undergraduate enrolment

Engineering Enrolment and Degrees Awarded

For the first time since 2001, female undergraduate enrolment broke the 20 per cent barrier in 2016, with a 0.8 percentage point increase from 19.9 per cent to 20.7 per cent. This corresponds to the highest proportion of females enrolled in engineering ever registered by Engineers Canada, above the previously established record of 20.6 per cent in 2001. Female undergraduate enrolment has increased from 16,340 students in 2015 to 17,481 students in 2016, a 7.0 per cent increase.

Chart 2.1 indicates the trends in female undergraduate enrolment from 1991 to 2016.

Chart 2.1 - Female undergraduate enrolment (1991-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 2.1 - Female undergraduate enrolment (1991-2016, full-time equivalent)

Female undergraduate enrolment by discipline

The disciplines that presented the highest percentages of female undergraduate enrolment in 2016 were biosystems engineering, environmental engineering, and geological engineering with 47.5 per cent, 36.5 per cent, and 25.1 per cent of total enrolment, respectively. Although these programs account for 9.8 per cent of total female enrolment, they only accounted for 4.7 per cent of the total enrolment in engineering programs. Similarly, four out of the five programs with the highest percentage of female enrolment were also four out of the five programs with the lowest proportion of overall enrolment in engineering (refer to Chart 2.3).

The disciplines with the lowest percentages of female undergraduate enrolment were electrical (14.3 per cent), computer (13.7 per cent), software (13.2 per cent), and mechanical engineering (12.9 per cent). When combined, these four programs accounted for 48.8 per cent of the total number of students enrolled in engineering (Chart 2.3), while accounting for only 31.3 per cent of female enrolment.

Furthermore, the disciplines that presented the highest growth in the proportion of females were materials/metallurgical engineering and biosystems engineering, which went from 27.1 per cent and 44.9 per cent in 2015 to 30.5 per cent and 47.5 per cent in 2016 respectively.

Chart 2.2 showcases the percentage of female enrolment by discipline in 2016.

Chart 2.2 - Percentage of female undergraduate enrolment by discipline (2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart Chart 2.2 - Percentage of female undergraduate enrolment by discipline (2016, full-time equivalent)

Chart 2.3 indicates the average growth in the proportion of females relative to overall enrolment by discipline for the periods of 2012 to 2016 and 2015 to 2016.

Chart 2.3 - Average rate of growth in undergraduate enrolment of females by discipline (2012-2016 and 2015-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 2.3 - Average rate of growth in undergraduate enrolment of females by discipline (2012-2016 and 2015-2016, full-time equivalent)

Female undergraduate enrolment by province

For the fourth year in a row, Newfoundland and Labrador had the highest percentage of female undergraduates (26.9 per cent), increasing from 26.1 per cent in 2015 and 21.9 per cent in 2012. Conversely, Saskatchewan displayed the lowest percentage of female enrolment in 2016, with only 18.6 per cent in the undergraduate engineering student population; a decrease from 18.8 per cent reported in 2015 and 19.3 per cent in 2012. Except for Saskatchewan (-1.1 per cent) and New Brunswick (-15.4 per cent), every province has experienced an increase in the proportion of female undergraduate enrolment since the previous year.

Chart 2.4 indicates the percentage of female undergraduate enrolment by province in 2016, while Chart 2.5 shows the average growth of female enrolment by province in the periods of 2012 to 2016 and 2015 to 2016.

Chart 2.4 - Percentage of female undergraduate enrolment by province (2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 2.4 - Percentage of female undergraduate enrolment by province (2016, full-time equivalent)
The top of the chart contains the sum of values represented by each column.
Chart 2.5 - Average growth in the proportion of female undergraduate enrolment by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 2.5 - Average growth in the proportion of female undergraduate enrolment by province (2012-2016 and 2015-2016, full-time equivalent)

Female undergraduate degrees awarded

Out of the 14,905 engineering degrees awarded in 2016, 2,882 were awarded to females, accounting for 19.3 per cent of the sampled population. This indicates an increase of 0.5 per cent when compared to the 2,740 degrees awarded to females in the previous year. Furthermore, this proportion is not suggestive of any significant gender differences in completion rates when compared to the 18.7 per cent average proportion of females in undergraduate enrolment over the past five years.

Chart 2.6 showcases the trends in the proportion of undergraduate degrees awarded to females.

Chart 2.6 - Female undergraduate degrees awarded (2012-2016)
Chart 2.6 - Female undergraduate degrees awarded (2012-2016)
The top of the chart contains the sum of values represented by each column.

The province with the highest proportion of female undergraduate degrees awarded was Alberta (21.2 per cent), followed by Ontario (20.2 per cent), and Saskatchewan (20.0 per cent). Moreover, Ontario had the greatest increase in the proportion of female undergraduate degrees awarded when compared to 2015, with a growth of 2.6 percentage points overall.

Chart 2.7 indicates the percentage of undergraduate degrees awarded to females by province in 2016.

Chart 2.7 - Female undergraduate degrees awarded by province (2016)
Chart 2.7 - Female undergraduate degrees awarded by province (2016)
The top of the chart contains the sum of values represented by each column.

Although biosystems engineering contains the highest percentage of undergraduate degrees awarded to females, this proportion has fallen from 50.0 per cent in 2012 to 41.4 per cent in 2016. Furthermore, the disciplines that had the highest growth over the previous year in the proportion of female undergraduate degrees awarded were that of other engineering programs (6.2 per cent)— which includes a wide variety of programs (see Appendix C)—and materials/metallurgical engineering (4.9 per cent). Likewise, the categories that presented the highest growth from 2012 were that of other engineering programs (9.5 per cent) and industrial/manufacturing engineering (3.8 per cent).

The proportion of female undergraduate degrees awarded   should experience a consistent growth in the coming years in certain disciplines due to the cumulative increase in the proportion of female undergraduate enrolment in those disciplines, as illustrated in Chart 2.3. This should be especially reflected in the disciplines of computer engineering, software engineering, and materials/metallurgical engineering.

Chart 2.8 shows the number of undergraduate degrees awarded by gender and discipline.

Chart 2.8 - Female undergraduate degrees awarded by discipline (2016)
Chart 2.8 - Female undergraduate degrees awarded by discipline (2016)
 

Female graduate student enrolment

The proportion of female enrolment in engineering master’s programs continues to grow, reaching 25.3 per cent in 2016. This is the first time that female enrolment was greater than 25 per cent.

The proportion of female enrolment in doctoral degrees has grown from 23.2 per cent in 2015 to 23.7 per cent in 2016. Although this proportion is still lower than the one achieved in 2013 (23.9 per cent), it represents the first time it has grown since then.

Charts 2.9 and 2.10 indicate the trends in the proportion of female students enrolled in post-graduate degrees from 2012 to 2016.

Chart 2.9 - Female enrolment in master degrees (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 2.9 - Female enrolment in master degrees (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 2.10 - Female enrolment in doctoral degrees (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 2.10 - Female enrolment in doctoral degrees (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)

Chart 2.11 indicates the proportion of female enrolment in post graduate degrees by province. The highest proportion of master’s enrolment in 2016 was seen in Alberta, while the highest proportion of doctoral enrolment came from Saskatchewan.

Chart 2.11 -Proportion of graduate female enrolment by province (2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 2.11 -Proportion of graduate female enrolment by province (2016, full-time equivalent)
M = Master’s, D = Doctoral

Female post-graduate degrees awarded

The number of post-graduate degrees awarded to females continues to grow, reaching 1,665 master degrees and 366 doctoral degrees in 2016. This represents an increase of 8.5 per cent in the number of master’s degrees awarded and a 16.6 per cent increase in the number of doctoral degrees awarded. The proportion of master’s degrees awarded to females has also grown from 24.5 per cent in 2015 to 25.5 per cent in 2016, while the proportion of doctoral degrees awarded to females went from 22.1 per cent in 2015 to 23.7 per cent in 2016.

Charts 2.12 and 2.13 indicate the number and proportion of post-graduate degrees awarded to females in the period of 2012 to 2016.

2.12 - Master degrees awarded to females (2012-2016)
Chart 2.12 - Master degrees awarded to females (2012-2016)
2.13 - Doctoral degrees awarded to females (2012-2016)
Chart 2.13 - Doctoral degrees awarded to females (2012-2016)

In 2016, the province with the largest percentage of master’s degrees awarded to females was Alberta, at 34.2 per cent, while Nova Scotia had the greatest percentage of females receiving doctoral degrees, at 46.2 per cent. Conversely, New Brunswick had the smallest percentage of master’s degrees awarded to females (16.7 per cent), while Manitoba displayed the smallest proportion of females who received doctoral degrees (11.5 per cent).

Chart 2.14 demonstrates the proportion of master’s and doctoral degrees awarded to females by province in 2016.

Chart 2.14 - Proportion of postgraduate degrees awarded to females by province (2016)
Chart 2.14 - Proportion of postgraduate degrees awarded to females by province (2016)
M = Master’s, D = Doctoral
 

Visa student enrolment and degrees awarded

Visa student enrolment and degrees awarded

Visa undergraduate enrolment

There were 13,662 international students enrolled in undergraduate engineering programs in 2016, accounting for 16.2 per cent of total enrolment. This indicates a growth of 5.3 per cent over the previous year, when the number of international students was 12,970 and corresponded to 15.8 per cent of total undergraduate enrolment.

Chart 3.1 shows the undergraduate enrolment of visa students for the period of 2012 to 2016.

Chart 3.1 - Undergraduate enrolment of visa students (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 3.1 - Undergraduate enrolment of visa students (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
The top of the chart contains the percentage growth relative to the previous year as well as the sum of values represented by each column.

Visa undergraduate enrolment by discipline

Materials/metallurgical engineering and industrial or manufacturing engineering had the highest proportion of visa students at 27.9 per cent and 24.0 per cent, respectively. Conversely, the programs that displayed the lowest proportion of visa students were biosystems engineering (10.1 per cent) and software engineering (12.0 per cent).

Chart 3.2 showcases the proportion of full-time equivalent undergraduate visa student enrollment by discipline in 2016.

Chart 3.2 - Undergraduate enrolment of visa students by program (2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 3.2 - Undergraduate enrolment of visa students by program (2016, full-time equivalent)

Visa undergraduate enrolment by province

Out of the 13,662 international students enrolled in undergraduate engineering programs in Canada in 2016, 42.8 per cent of international students (5,843) studied in Ontario and 23.9 per cent (3,265) studied in Quebec. However, Nova Scotia (674 students at 29.8 per cent) and Saskatchewan (604 students at 21.7 per cent) displayed the highest proportion of international students enrolled. The largest growth in international student enrolment over the previous year was found in Ontario (0.9 per cent) and Nova Scotia (0.8 per cent).

Chart 3.3 shows the proportion of visa enrolment and the number of visa students by province in 2016.

Chart 3.3 - Visa undergraduate enrolment by province (2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 3.3 - Visa undergraduate enrolment by province (2016, full-time equivalent)

Visa undergraduate degrees awarded

In 2016, 1,904 of the 14,905 undergraduate degrees awarded were granted to visa students, representing 12.8 per cent overall. This indicates a growth of 0.3 percentage points in the number of degrees awarded to visa students from 2015.

Furthermore, a steady growth rate can be observed from 2012, when the proportion of undergraduate degrees awarded to visa students represented 10.1 per cent of the overall number.

Chart 3.4 displays the trends of degrees awarded to international students for the period of 2012 to 2016.

Chart 3.4 - Undergraduate degrees awarded to visa students (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 3.4 - Undergraduate degrees awarded to visa students (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
The top of each column contains the sum of values represented by each column.

Visa graduate student enrolment

Visa student enrolment in master’s degrees continues to represent more than half of the master’s student population. The enrolment of international students in master’s programs has been growing at a faster pace than total enrolment, reaching 7,965 students in 2016 (a 41.8 per cent increase from 2012) and representing 59.1 per cent of the master’s student population in 2016. This indicates a significant growth since 2012, when visa students represented 47.8 per cent of total enrolment in master’s programs.

Furthermore, visa graduate student enrolment in doctoral degrees also presents a fast rate of growth, although much slower than enrolment of visa students in master’s degrees. In 2016, the number of international students enrolled in doctoral degrees reached 5,359, accounting for 58.6 per cent of total doctoral enrolment. This represented a 29.5 per cent increase from 2012, when international students accounted for 48.8 per cent of total enrolment.

Charts 3.5 and 3.6 showcase the trends in the graduate enrolment of full-time equivalent visa students from 2012 to 2016.

Chart 3.5 - International student enrolment in master degrees (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 3.5 - International student enrolment in master degrees (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 3.6 - International student enrolment in doctoral degrees (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 3.6 - International student enrolment in doctoral degrees (2012-2016, full-time equivalent)

Newfoundland and Labrador had the highest proportion of visa students enrolled in master’s programs in 2016, at 82.7 per cent of total master’s enrolment. On the other hand, New Brunswick displayed the lowest proportion of visa student enrolment in master’s programs at 35.3 per cent.

Meanwhile, Alberta had the largest proportion of visa students enrolled in doctoral programs, where they accounted for 70.4 percent of total enrolment. Nova Scotia had the lowest proportion of visa student enrolment in doctoral programs at 46.6 per cent.

Chart 3.7 shows the fraction of full-time equivalent graduate enrolment of visa students by province in 2016.

Chart 3.7 - Proportion of visa students enrolled in postgraduate programs by province (2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 3.7 - Proportion of visa students enrolled in postgraduate programs by province (2016, full-time equivalent)
M = Master’s, D = Doctoral

Visa post-graduate degrees awarded

The number of master’s degrees awarded to visa students continues to grow, totalling 3,909 degrees in 2016. This represented an increase of 13.7 per cent over the previous year and 73.2 per cent from 2012. Similarly, the number of doctoral degrees awarded to visa students has grown by 18.0 per cent since 2015 and 130.1 per cent since 2012, totalling 642 degrees in 2016.

The overall proportion of post-graduate degrees awarded to visa students has grown to 59.8 per cent of all master’s degrees and 41.5 per cent of all doctoral degrees in 2016. This represents a large growth from 2012, when the proportion of master’s degrees was 43.2 per cent and that of doctoral degrees was 24.0 per cent.

Chart 3.8 and Chart 3.9 display the trends in post-graduate degrees awarded to visa students in the period from 2012 to 2016.

Chart 3.8 - Master degrees awarded to visa students (2012-2016)
Chart 3.8 - Master degrees awarded to visa students (2012-2016)
Chart 3.9 - Doctoral degrees awarded to visa students (2012-2016)
Chart 3.9 - Doctoral degrees awarded to visa students (2012-2016)

In 2016, Newfoundland and Labrador, Saskatchewan, and Nova Scotia had the greatest proportion of master’s degrees awarded to visa students (83.6 per cent, 77.1 per cent, and 72.2 per cent, respectively).

New Brunswick, British Columbia, and Quebec awarded the greatest proportion of their doctoral degrees to visa students, where they accounted for 54.5 per cent, 49.6 per cent, and 48.9 per cent, respectively.

Chart 3.10 displays the proportion of post-graduate degrees awarded to visa students by province in 2016.

Chart 3.10 - Post-graduate degrees awarded to visa students by province (2016)
Chart 3.10 - Post-graduate degrees awarded to visa students by province (2016)
 

Indigenous peoples’ enrolment and degrees awarded

Out of the 31 post-secondary institutions that responded to this survey about Indigenous peoples, only 25 institutions were able to provide information on Indigenous peoples’ undergraduate enrolment, and only 23 were able to provide information on undergraduate degrees awarded. These 25 institutions represent 56.9 per cent of undergraduate students enrolled in engineering programs, while the 23 post-secondary institutions represent 42.9 per cent of undergraduate degrees awarded. Furthermore, only 18 institutions were able to present data on post-graduate enrolment, with 17 of them presenting data on post-graduate degrees awarded. These 18 institutions represent 47.4 per cent of post-graduate students in Canada, whereas the 17 post-secondary institutions represent 20.6 per cent of post-graduate degrees awarded. As the reported numbers are of small magnitude, the data on Indigenous student enrolment is presented in a cumulative form to assure anonymity. While not all institutions are able to report the Indigenous identity of their students, Engineers Canada believes this data allows the engineering community to pursue conversations on increasing the representation of Indigenous peoples in engineering. Even if we cannot currently achieve a comprehensive and true representation of Indigenous peoples’ enrolment and degrees awarded, this provides us an important starting point.

While Indigenous peoples make up more than 4.9 per cent of the Canadian Population (Statistics Canada 2017), they only account for 1.2 per cent of total undergraduate enrolment and only 1.2 per cent of undergraduate degrees were presented to Indigenous peoples. Graduate student enrolment demonstrated lower enrolment of Indigenous peoples, at 0.4 per cent of total enrolment, while graduate degrees awarded represented 0.7 per cent of surveyed universities.

Chart 4.1 indicates the percentage of enrolment and degrees awarded to indigenous peoples, as well as the number of Indigenous students and total students considered for the calculations.

Chart 4.1 - Indigenous peoples enrolment and degrees awarded (2016)
Chart 4.1 - Indigenous peoples enrolment and degrees awarded (2016)
 

Faculty members

There were a total of 4,381 full-time equivalent faculty members in 2016, with 14.9 per cent of these being women.

While the number of professors has grown significantly in the past five years, going from 1,783 in 2012 to 1,991 in 2016 (11.7 per cent increase), the number of associate professors decreased from 1,215 to 1,141 (6.1 per cent decrease). Furthermore, the number of assistant professors, instructors and lecturers has remained relatively constant for the past five years.

Chart 5.1 indicates the trends on the number of faculty members by position in the period of 2012 to 2016.

Chart 5.1 - Faculty members by position (2012-2016)
Chart 5.1 - Faculty members by position (2012-2016)

The percentage of female faculty members has increased from 13.4 per cent in 2012 and 14.6 per cent in 2015 to 14.9 per cent in 2016. The faculty position with the highest percentage of females was that of assistant professor (22.8 per cent), whereas the position with the lowest percentage was that of professor (10.1 per cent).

Chart 5.2 shows the number of faculty members in 2016 by position and gender, while Chart 5.3 indicates the percentage of female faculty members for the period of 2006 to 2016.

Chart 5.2 - Faculty members by gender and position (2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 5.2 - Faculty members by gender and position (2016, full-time equivalent)
The top of the chart contains the sum of values represented by each column.
Chart 5.3 - Female proportion of faculty members (2006-2016, full-time equivalent)
Chart 5.3 - Female proportion of faculty members (2006-2016, full-time equivalent)

As the number of female faculty members remains a small proportion of all faculties, Engineers Canada advises readers to use caution when drawing conclusions from the year-to-year variation. Small inaccuracies in the reported data as well as changes in programming will affect the percentage presented in Chart 5.3

 

Appendix A

Data tabulations – engineering enrolment and degrees awarded

Data found in the following tables can also be downloaded in Excel format.

Undergraduate Enrolment (U)

  • U.1. National
  • U.2. Provincial
  • U.3. Institutional

Undergraduate Degrees Awarded (UD)

  • U.1. National
  • U.2. Provincial
  • U.3. Institutional

Post-graduate Student Enrolment (G)

  • U.1. National
  • U.2. Provincial
  • U.3. Institutional

Post-graduate Degrees Awarded (GD)

  • U.1. National
  • U.2. Provincial
  • U.3. Institutional

Faculty Members by institution (F)

  • F.1. Faculty Composition

Co-op, Internship, and Professional Experience Programs (C)

  • C.1. Industry Experience Options by Institutions

For 2007 and onwards, data are based on the average number of students enrolled over the fall, winter and summer terms. 

 

Name of the school and the abbreviated name

In the Appendix section of this report, all university names, where appropriate, have been abbreviated. The chart shown below lists the complete name of the school and the abbreviated name that is used.

Complete name of the school and the abbreviated name that is used.
Complete School Name Abbreviation
Acadia University Acadia
Alberta, University of Alberta
British Columbia Institute of Technology BCIT
British Columbia, University of UBC
British Columbia at Okanagan, University of UBCO
Calgary, The University of Calgary
Cape Breton, University College of Cape Breton
Carleton University Carleton
Concordia University Concordia
Conestoga College Conestoga
Dalhousie University Dal
École de technologie supérieure ETS
Guelph, University of Guelph
Lakehead University Lakehead
Laurentian University Laurentian
Laval, Université Laval
Manitoba, The University of Manitoba
McGill University McGill
McMaster University McMaster
Memorial University of Newfoundland MUN
Moncton, Université de Moncton
New Brunswick, University of UNB
Northern British Columbia, University of UNBC
Nova Scotia Agricultural College NSAC
Ottawa, University of Ottawa
Prince Edward Island, University of UPEI
Polytechnique, École Polytechnique
Québec à Chicoutimi, Université du UQAC
Québec à Montréal, Université du UQAM
Québec à Rimouski, Université du UQAR
Québec à Trois-Rivières, Université du UQTR
Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Université du UQAT
Québec en Outaouais, Université du UQO
Queen’s University Queen's
Regina, University of Regina
Royal Military College of Canada RMC
Ryerson University Ryerson
Saint Mary’s University SMU
Saskatchewan, University of Saskatchewan
Sherbrooke, Université de Sherbrooke
Simon Fraser University SFU
St. Francis Xavier University StFX
Toronto, University of Toronto
University of Ontario, Institute of Technology UOIT
Victoria, University of Uvic
Waterloo, University of Waterloo
Western Ontario, University of Western
Windsor, University of Windsor
York University York

Undergraduate Enrolment (U)

 
U.1.1 Total undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 1,023 1,080 1,402 1,558 1,708
Chemical 5,517 5,825 6,076 6,323 6,341
Civil 11,681 11,957 11,974 12,595 12,379
Computer 3,520 3,873 4,105 4,838 5,473
Electrical 10,462 10,584 11,464 11,844 11,706
Engineering Physics 2,894 3,081 3,222 2,865 3,303
Environmental 1,440 1,440 1,444 1,462 1,501
Geological 667 730 761 779 746
Industrial or Manufacturing 1,857 1,959 2,502 2,648 2,812
Materials or Metallurgical 805 886 793 1,004 951
Mechanical 14,489 15,368 17,091 18,691 18,890
Mining or Mineral 1,046 1,304 1,431 1,416 1,249
Software 2,573 2,974 3,616 4,114 4,708
Other 3,711 3,747 4,293 4,412 4,390
Year One/Two Common Year 7,926 7,642 7,059 7,857 8,289
TOTAL 69,611 72,451 77,232 82,407 84,446
 
U.1.2 Total female undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs: 1991 to 2016
Year Total Enrolment Women Percent of total
1991 36,923 5,947 16.1
1992 40,068 6,659 16.6
1993 41,329 7,348 17.8
1994 40,709 7,436 18.3
1995 39,800 7,505 18.9
1996 40,667 7,659 18.8
1997 41,675 8,006 19.2
1998 43,487 8,391 19.3
1999 44,390 9,103 20.5
2000 46,610 9,460 20.3
2001 48,929 10,089 20.6
2002 52,024 10,350 19.9
2003 53,718 10,317 19.2
2004 54,361 9,901 18.2
2005 53,901 9,435 17.5
2006 52,484 9,235 17.6
2007 55,190 9,561 17.3
2008 56,596 9,695 17.1
2009 57,970 10,062 17.4
2010 61,505 10,915 17.7
2011 65,468 11,563 17.7
2012 69,611 12,626 18.1
2013 72,451 13,686 18.9
2014 77,232 14,691 19
2015 82,407 16,416 19.9
2016 84,446 17,481 20.7
 
U.1.3 Total female undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 439 450 603 700 812
Chemical 1,826 1,920 2,067 2,246 2,323
Civil 2,556 2,718 2,755 3,024 3,103
Computer 355 416 478 586 750
Electrical 1,297 1,372 1,479 1,582 1,671
Engineering Physics 497 555 597 590 676
Environmental 565 571 597 594 614
Geological 245 268 280 288 275
Industrial or Manufacturing 441 489 675 760 834
Materials or Metallurgical 188 219 206 272 290
Mechanical 1,502 1,672 1,882 2,268 2,428
Mining or Mineral 186 191 226 215 187
Software 253 330 413 511 621
Other 674 751 873 937 947
Year One/Two Common Year 1,600 1,764 1,561 1,845 1,950
TOTAL 12,626 13,686 14,691 16,416 17,481
 
U.1.4 Table U.1.4 - Total 2016 undergraduate enrolment in engineering programs, which will be seeking accreditation
Institution Program 2016
BCIT Mineral and Mining Exploration Engineering 116
Calgary Energy Engineering 81
Concordia Aerospace Engineering 71
Laurentian Civil Engineering 14
McGill Bioengineering 14
UOIT Energy Systems Engineering 34
UQO Génie électrique 43
UVic Biomedical Engineering 79
UVic Civil Engineering 161
Waterloo Biomedical Engineering 100
York Civil Engineering 132
York Mechanical Engineering 140
York Software Engineering 57
York Undeclared Major Engineering 216
TOTAL   1,257
 
U.2.1 Total undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 7,154 7,334 5,818 7,317 6,839
BC 8,168 6,935 8,082 8,063 8,440
MB 1,255 1,412 1,483 1,521 1,565
NB 2,141 2,025 1,886 1,836 1,863
NL 859 937 989 1,030 1,046
NS 1,863 2,049 2,137 2,093 2,261
ON 28,904 30,316 34,141 36,376 37,993
PE 111 126 120 128  
QC 17,031 18,744 19,993 21,266 21,654
SK 2,126 2,574 2,584 2,778 2,785
TOTAL 69,611 72,451 77,232 82,407 84,446
 
U.2.2 Total female undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs by province: 2016
Province Total  Enrolment Female Enrolment Percent Female Enrolment
AB 6,839 1,571 23.00%
BC 8,440 1,666 19.70%
MB 1,565 297 19.00%
NB 1,863 388 20.80%
NL 1,046 282 26.90%
NS 2,261 478 21.10%
ON 37,993 8,054 21.20%
PE      
QC 21,654 4,230 19.50%
SK 2,785 517 18.60%
TOTAL 84,446 17,481 20.70%
 
U.2.3 Total undergraduate foreign student enrolment in accredited engineering programs by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 738 795 644 929 968
BC 1,014 1,018 1,226 1,407 1,576
MB 185 245 276 258 245
NB 659 674 451 465 370
NL 86 95 102 109 118
NS 440 479 513 536 674
ON 3,778 4,201 4,846 5,460 5,843
PE 12 20 30 30  
QC 2,304 2,643 2,778 3,118 3,265
SK 405 573 577 659 604
TOTAL 9,620 10,743 11,444 12,970 13,662
 
Table U.2.4 - Total undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs by discipline and province: 2016
Discipline AB BC MB NB NL NS ON PE QC SK Total
Biosystems   95 128       1,204   281   1,708
Chemical 863 244   265   116 3,513   1,138 203 6,341
Civil 948 718 269 442 172 147 4,800   4,673 210 12,379
Computer 225 411 118 23 57   3,270   1,151 217 5,473
Electrical 838 1,171 308 270 80 164 5,323   3,450 104 11,706
Engineering Physics 61 982       258 1,532   425 46 3,303
Environmental   164       69 908   83 276 1,501
Geological   131   51     236   257 71 746
Industrial or Manufacturing           112 835   1,476 389 2,812
Materials or Metallurgical 126 155       34 359   277   951
Mechanical 1,486 1,636 464 420 250 177 8,850   5,358 249 18,890
Mining or Mineral 163 157       75 396   458   1,249
Software 129 187   161     1,886   2,216 130 4,708
Other 353 167   94 181 824 1,935   412 424 4,390
Year One/Two Common Year 1,649 2,221 279 138 306 284 2,946     466 8,289
TOTAL 6,839 8,440 1,565 1,863 1,046 2,261 37,993   21,654 2,785 84,446
 
U.2.5 Total female undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs by discipline and province: 2016
Discipline AB BC MB NB NL NS ON PE QC SK Total
Biosystems   37 54       583   139   812
Chemical 279 85   97   42 1,232   519 68 2,323
Civil 320 165 61 100 51 39 1,204   1,111 53 3,103
Computer 31 72 17 18 9   456   129 18 750
Electrical 145 176 44 35 10 20 786   446 9 1,671
Engineering Physics 10 182       42 364   72 5 676
Environmental   72       28 372   38 104 614
Geological   48   18     92   101 16 275
Industrial or Manufacturing           32 269   482 52 834
Materials or Metallurgical 35 44       6 114   91   290
Mechanical 237 218 57 55 43 23 1,097   676 23 2,428
Mining or Mineral 17 25       9 72   65   187
Software 18 21   11     272   282 16 621
Other 84 36   21 72 172 419   79 65 947
Year One/Two Common Year 395 484 65 32 97 67 722     89 1,950
TOTAL 1,571 1,666 297 388 282 478 8,054   4,230 517 17,481
 
U.3.1 Total undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs by institution: 2011 to 2016.
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acadia 207 171 153 153 169
Alberta 4,021 4,145 3,277 4,222 4,207
BCIT 469 486 784 882 379
Calgary 3,133 3,189 2,541 3,095 2,632
Cape Breton 118 83 54 41 88
Carleton 3,186 3,228 3,511 4,022 4,281
Concordia 2,610 3,090 3,228 3,463 3,655
Conestoga 80 98 161 176 195
Dal 1,208 1,343 1,508 1,588 1,719
ETS 3,921 4,382 5,762 5,201 5,216
Guelph 530 942 1,320 1,392 1,612
Lakehead 806 798 849 1,006 1,087
Laurentian 279 382 544 481 498
Laval 1,841 1,987 1,135 2,443 2,411
Manitoba 1,255 1,412 1,483 1,521 1,565
McGill 2,321 2,734 2,847 2,884 2,924
McMaster 2,338 2,737 3,330 3,473 3,601
Moncton 367 358 343 422 348
MUN 859 937 989 1,030 1,046
NSAC 31 65 72 19 28
Ottawa 2,030 2,340 2,661 3,009 3,130
Polytechnique 4,197 4,305 4,704 4,896 5,048
Queen's 2,734 2,745 2,811 2,974 3,066
Regina 876 1,157 1,166 1,389 1,406
RMC 440 513 418 416 379
Ryerson 3,036 3,193 3,632 3,913 4,071
Saskatchewan 1,251 1,418 1,417 1,390 1,378
SFU 990 1,120 1,245 1,215 1,162
Sherbrooke 1,248 1,339 1,358 1,459 1,469
SMU 214 297 281 214 258
StFX 85 90 70 79  
Toronto 4,488 4,560 4,672 4,745 4,681
UBC 3,873 3,699 3,501 3,537 3,821
UBCO 1,650 262 1,092 806 1,390
UNB 1,774 1,667 1,543 1,414 1,515
UNBC 89 84 85 89 102
UOIT 1,370 763 1,633 1,787 1,879
UPEI 111 126 120 128  
UQAC 365 358 370 387 374
UQAM 42 42 47    
UQAR 81 89 88 114 91
UQAT 55 62 63 63 87
UQO 35 30 29 28 39
UQTR 314 327 362 329 342
UVic 1,098 1,284 1,374 1,534 1,586
Waterloo 5,047 5,182 5,315 5,456 5,545
Western 1,260 1,321 1,582 1,695 2,020
Windsor 1,064 1,245 1,468 1,540 1,591
York 218 269 236 292 358
TOTAL 69,611 72,451 77,232 82,407 84,446
 
U.3.2 Total female undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acadia 27 38 31 37 44
Alberta 800 827 658 893 894
BCIT 39 42 59 62 42
Calgary 747 773 645 791 677
Cape Breton 16 18 10 4 18
Carleton 446 450 504 669 712
Concordia 490 606 645 705 767
Conestoga 5 5 10 8 7
Dal 229 262 291 321 369
ETS 353 385 507 458 471
Guelph 167 228 362 388 464
Lakehead 77 88 88 130 126
Laurentian 41 52 84 81 84
Laval 336 361 242 473 449
Manitoba 217 250 275 277 297
McGill 513 633 675 708 752
McMaster 418 514 587 686 726
Moncton 63 65 65 63 74
MUN 188 243 241 269 282
NSAC 5 9 17 1 5
Ottawa 409 445 527 595 622
Polytechnique 914 992 1,168 1,269 1,411
Queen's 741 775 815 882 918
Regina 168 266 249 251 234
RMC 60 71 51 48 34
Ryerson 522 539 638 738 782
Saskatchewan 243 279 277 272 283
SFU 133 155 187 197 185
Sherbrooke 190 213 207 214 221
SMU 25 42 42 32 42
StFX 20 26 22 27  
Toronto 1,068 1,116 1,198 1,282 1,370
UBC 760 783 787 863 974
UBCO 205 32 148 124 207
UNB 278 255 277 244 314
UNBC 43 38 32 35 43
UOIT 100 66 111 144 171
UPEI 12 18 10 14  
UQAC 45 53 58 64 71
UQAM 3 3 4    
UQAR 15 13 8 6 5
UQAT 12 13 12 9 11
UQO 4 3 5 7 11
UQTR 43 50 69 62 60
UVic 98 133 151 188 215
Waterloo 915 975 1,058 1,188 1,301
Western 242 261 312 343 422
Windsor 145 178 236 242 253
York 38 47 40 55 64
TOTAL 12,626 13,686 14,691 16,416 17,481
 
Table U.3.3 Total undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs by institution and discipline: 2016
Institution
Biosystems
Chemical
Civil
Computer
Electrical
Engineering Physics
Environmental
Geological
Industrial or Manufacturing
Materials or Metallurgical
Mechanical
Mining or Mineral
Software
Year One/Two Common Year
 
Acadia                           169
Alberta   533 678 225 456 61       126 954 163   837
BCIT     123   112           144      
Calgary   330 270   382           532   129 812
Cape Breton                           88
Carleton 170   843 340 981 129 333       603   350  
Concordia     982 220 418       340   1,090   605  
Conestoga       62             133      
Dal   116 147   164   69   112 34 177 75    
ETS     1543   1,321       394   1,299   658  
Guelph 411     228     344       583     46
Lakehead   124 415   182           323   43  
Laurentian   141                 175 158   25
Laval 126 112 438 115 182 157 83 95 148 53 490 144 165  
Manitoba 128   269 118 308           464     279
McGill   381 383 176 564         224 752 128 274  
McMaster   364 379 176 463 127       169 607   320 995
Moncton     173   78           97      
MUN     172 57 80           250     306
NSAC                           28
Ottawa 285 424 625 343 534           668   251  
Polytechnique 155 401 909 320 454 268   123 474   1,006 186 514  
Queen's   345 319 221 195 426   144     541 138   738
Regina       155     232   389       130 76
RMC   37 59 45 31           46     161
Ryerson 337 395 710 353 697       251   755     108
Saskatchewan   203 210 61 104 46 45 71     249     389
SFU           744         418      
Sherbrooke   238 274 252 285           420      
SMU           258                
Toronto   530 438 529 713 850     394 190 725 100   213
UBC 95 244 451 355 536 238 62 131   155 418 157   812
UBCO     144   94           200     952
UNB   265 269 23 192     51     323   161 138
UNBC             102              
UOIT         393       50   950   231  
UQAC     143 30 72     39     91      
UQAR         20           43      
UQAT         44           43      
UQO       39                    
UQTR   6     91       119   126      
UVic       56 430           456   187 457
Waterloo   921 505 799 526   190 93     1,447   487  
Western   234 243 63 171           447   204 597
Windsor     264   319   41   139   764     64
York       113 118           84      
TOTAL 1,708 6,341 12,379 5,473 11,706 3,303 1,501 746 2,812 951 18,890 1,249 4,708 8,289
 
Table U 3.4  Total female undergraduate enrolment in accredited engineering programs by institution and discipline: 2016
Institution
Biosystems
Chemical
Civil
Computer
Electrical
Engineering Physics
Environmental
Geological
Industrial or Manufacturing
Materials or Metallurgical
Mechanical
Mining or Mineral
Software
Year One/Two Common Year
 
Acadia                           44  
Alberta   168 212 31 75 10       35 131 17   182 33
BCIT     24   10           8        
Calgary   111 108   70           106   18 213 51
Cape Breton                           18  
Carleton 64   205 32 139 18 94       49   42   69
Concordia     259 23 70       143   159   113    
Conestoga       3             5        
Dal   42 39   20   28   32 6 23 9     172
ETS     221   124       28   66   32    
Guelph 217     31     147       59     10  
Lakehead   35 60   13           14   5    
Laurentian   38                 21 23   3  
Laval 56 37 81 7 17 20 38 32 49 11 46 17 19   19
Manitoba 54   61 17 44           57     65  
McGill   165 140 25 118         80 140 20 47   17
McMaster   128 88 21 94 14       43 77   44 218  
Moncton     43   17           14        
MUN     51 9 10           43     97 72
NSAC                           5  
Ottawa 143 140 123 46 61           67   43    
Polytechnique 83 229 312 49 77 52   54 223   193 28 71   41
Queen's   151 131 34 42 113   66     134 26   222  
Regina       13     83   52       16 5 65
RMC   10 2 3 1           6     12  
Ryerson 159 119 146 45 78       75   65     29 66
Saskatchewan   68 53 4 9 5 21 16     23     84  
SFU           142         42        
Sherbrooke   88 62 11 16           44        
SMU           42                  
Toronto   226 157 114 146 220     163 71 162 23   89  
UBC 37 85 116 70 107 40 29 48   44 96 25   241 36
UBCO     25   12           21     149  
UNB   97 57 18 18     18     41   11 32 21
UNBC             43                
UOIT         39       5   67   24   36
UQAC     36 3 6     15     11        
UQAR         2           2       2
UQAT         6           5        
UQO       11                      
UQTR         10       39   11        
UVic       2 47           51   21 93  
Waterloo   298 168 100 87   111 27     211   82   219
Western   90 65 6 29           57   33 124 20
Windsor     60   43   20   26   88     16  
York       23 17           15       10
TOTAL 812 2,323 3,103 750 1,671 676 614 275 834 290 2,428 187 621 1,950 947

Undergraduate Degrees Awarded (UD)

Table UD.1.1 Total undergraduate degrees awarded by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 152 194 211 235 278
Chemical 1,278 1,307 1,292 1,297 1,370
Civil 2,325 2,751 2,688 2,772 2,757
Computer 630 686 573 713 713
Electrical 2,055 2,137 2,202 2,375 2,435
Engineering Physics 515 548 532 599 588
Environmental 258 300 360 337 363
Geological 121 164 152 192 187
Industrial or Manufacturing 369 361 440 527 472
Materials or Metallurgical 207 216 213 235 248
Mechanical 3,153 3,255 3,338 3,634 3,791
Mining or Mineral 237 220 280 307 345
Software 413 434 547 632 634
Other 669 790 908 702 724
TOTAL 12,382 13,363 13,808 14,557 14,905
 
Table UD.1.2 Total undergraduate degrees awarded to female students by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 76 87 101 97 115
Chemical 444 427 402 442 466
Civil 500 605 597 644 657
Computer 69 71 59 67 61
Electrical 259 283 330 335 314
Engineering Physics 76 92 93 115 120
Environmental 116 121 147 138 144
Geological 44 58 57 71 69
Industrial or Manufacturing 94 73 125 139 138
Materials or Metallurgical 58 43 53 51 66
Mechanical 324 344 357 391 428
Mining or Mineral 35 38 44 64 62
Software 39 43 57 57 64
Other 101 162 182 129 178
TOTAL 2,235 2,447 2,621 2,740 2,882
 
Table UD.2.1 Total undergraduate degrees awarded by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 1,246 1,282 1,346 1,373 1,408
BC 1,161 1,278 1,324 1,519 1,470
MB 172 188 219 218 255
NB 270 320 308 307 340
NL 166 270 194 196 197
NS 397 477 654 318 346
ON 5,508 5,927 5,996 6,465 6,693
PE          
QC 3,043 3,202 3,370 3,676 3,771
SK 419 419 397 485 425
TOTAL 12,382 13,363 13,808 14,557 14,905
 
Table UD.2.2 Total undergraduate degrees awarded to female students by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 259 290 277 319 299
BC 184 172 210 265 253
MB 22 29 52 42 47
NB 51 45 65 53 55
NL 28 77 44 42 34
NS 80 101 142 63 57
ON 1,021 1,123 1,155 1,215 1,354
PE          
QC 496 518 593 656 698
SK 94 92 83 85 85
TOTAL 2,235 2,447 2,621 2,740 2,882
 
Table UD.2.3 Total undergraduate degrees awarded to foreign students by province: 2012 to 2016.
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 95 107 122 114 171
BC 110 109 140 197 193
MB 20 14 34 44 41
NB 45 57 70 71 69
NL 4 16 30 22 21
NS 44 65 103 53 63
ON 577 585 640 816 833
PE          
QC 327 353 424 421 441
SK 34 63 63 84 72
TOTAL 1,256 1,369 1,626 1,822 1,904
 
Table UD.2.4 Total undergraduate degrees awarded by province and discipline: 2016
Discipline AB BC MB NB NL NS ON PE QC SK
Biosystems   27 26       168   56 1
Chemical 231 38   51   40 729   207 74
Civil 219 206 54 111 47 56 1,050   963 51
Computer 38 103 23 13 15   345   145 31
Electrical 272 277 55 41 21 66 1,111   569 23
Engineering Physics 13 193         321   55 6
Environmental   65       21 204   16 57
Geological   38   23     57   53 16
Industrial or Manufacturing           28 163   250 31
Materials or Metallurgical 54 33       9 102   50  
Mechanical 375 387 97 76 74 75 1,685   956 66
Mining or Mineral 42 53       51 122   77  
Software 30 18   8     272   294 12
Other 134 32   17 40   364   80 57
TOTAL 1,408 1,470 255 340 197 346 6,693   3,771 425
 
Table UD.2.5 Total undergraduate degrees awarded to women by province and discipline: 2016
Discipline AB BC MB NB NL NS ON PE QC SK
Biosystems   8 12       72   23  
Chemical 67 16   13   16 241   91 22
Civil 67 31 13 19 9 11 261   228 18
Computer 4 10 1   1   31   13 1
Electrical 41 40 9 5 3 6 153   57  
Engineering Physics 2 30         79   8 1
Environmental   34       7 73   7 23
Geological   11   6     27   22 3
Industrial or Manufacturing           6 53   74 5
Materials or Metallurgical 13 6       2 34   11  
Mechanical 58 50 12 7 10 5 182   99 5
Mining or Mineral 6 7       4 31   14  
Software 2     1     31   30  
Other 39 10   4 11   86   21 7
TOTAL 299 253 47 55 34 57 1,354   698 85
 
Table UD.3.1 Total undergraduate degrees awarded by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acadia     0    
Alberta 805 760 737 792 810
BCIT 41 52 54 71 73
Calgary 441 522 609 581 598
Carleton 401 427 453 530 568
Concordia 402 462 458 491 472
Conestoga 11 11 30 26 30
Dal 397 477 582 318 346
ETS 681 828 788 898 948
Guelph 87 104 220 212 279
Lakehead 282 302 283 298 312
Laurentian 132 249 83 78 110
Laval 327 300 300 441 502
Manitoba 172 188 219 218 255
McGill 513 487 546 574 565
McMaster 583 590 588 653 644
Moncton 45 67 71 49 45
MUN 166 270 194 196 197
NSAC     72 0 0
Ottawa 254 286 363 374 347
Polytechnique 659 686 790 780 797
Queen's 620 641 594 595 576
Regina 128 123 158 160 153
RMC 72 93 0 89 0
Ryerson 442 514 557 567 733
Saskatchewan 291 296 239 325 272
SFU 112 142 157 189 220
Sherbrooke 291 279 276 286 299
SMU     0   0
Toronto 962 960 938 1,035 1,048
UBC 716 764 758 889 769
UBCO 118 142 145 151 157
UNB 225 253 237 258 295
UNBC 14 14 25 28 32
UOIT 196 228 239 262 289
UQAC 42 65 71 72 71
UQAM 9 9 6    
UQAR 14 16 16 16 14
UQAT 11 7 10 14 10
UQO 35 7 5 5 5
UQTR 59 56 104 99 88
UVic 160 164 185 191 219
Waterloo 990 1,082 1,113 1,194 1,136
Western 232 249 291 305 317
Windsor 222 191 221 218 283
York 22   23 29 21
TOTAL 12,382 13,363 13,808 14,557 14,905
 
Table UD.3.2 Total undergraduate degrees awarded to female students by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acadia     0    
Alberta 150 159 141 176 162
BCIT 1 1 1 2 5
Calgary 109 131 136 143 137
Carleton 69 74 74 94 102
Concordia 63 88 96 92 100
Conestoga 1 1 5 1 1
Dal 80 101 125 63 57
ETS 54 90 65 83 79
Guelph 35 30 58 49 70
Lakehead 20 28 30 31 32
Laurentian 27 33 16 8 22
Laval 61 49 49 90 94
Manitoba 22 29 52 42 47
McGill 112 75 134 127 129
McMaster 100 104 111 101 111
Moncton 8 8 20 10 3
MUN 28 77 44 42 34
NSAC     17 0 0
Ottawa 40 57 70 82 72
Polytechnique 157 148 168 175 201
Queen's 154 170 159 170 184
Regina 29 23 36 22 25
RMC 4 11 0 9 0
Ryerson 80 92 112 112 127
Saskatchewan 65 69 47 63 60
SFU 13 12 21 37 37
Sherbrooke 35 46 40 46 44
SMU     0   0
Toronto 227 207 237 236 275
UBC 135 128 141 185 156
UBCO 13 11 20 21 15
UNB 43 37 45 43 52
UNBC 7 8 10 10 17
UOIT 21 21 17 16 17
UQAC 6 8 10 5 14
UQAM 0 0 0    
UQAR 1 0 3 2 4
UQAT 1 2 1 3 5
UQO 4 2 0 0 0
UQTR 2 10 27 33 28
UVic 15 12 17 10 23
Waterloo 156 218 189 201 211
Western 49 48 48 64 73
Windsor 33 29 26 38 52
York 5   3 3 5
TOTAL 2,235 2,447 2,621 2,740 2,882
 
Table UD.3.3 Total undergraduate degrees awarded by institution & discipline: 2016
Institution
Biosystems
Chemical
Civil
Computer
Electrical
Engineering Physics
Environmental
Geological
Industrial or Manufacturing
Materials or Metallurgical
Mechanical
Mining or Mineral
Software
Other
Alberta   142 139 38 119 13       54 202 42   61
BCIT     23   18           32      
Calgary   89 80   153           173   30 73
Carleton 14   134 34 130 5 61       86   25 79
Concordia     161 21 46       44   149   51  
Conestoga       5             25      
Dal   40 56   66   21   28 9 75 51    
ETS     324   213       67   243   101  
Guelph 63,6     19     95       101      
Lakehead   32 113   70           85   12  
Laurentian   32                 43 35    
Laval 17 19 128 17 44 18 16 25 27 16 94 28 29 24
Manitoba 26   54 23 55           97      
McGill   80 86 28 101         34 160 28 48  
McMaster   90 101 37 126 30       61 146   53  
Moncton     21   9           15      
MUN     47 15 21           74     40
NSAC                            
Ottawa 27 68 104 13 40           64   31  
Polytechnique 39 61 164 41 59 37   21 72   170 21 65 47
Queen's   65 99 28 51 85   47     141 60    
Regina       16     37   31       12 57
RMC                            
Ryerson 63 57 140 63 131       38   162     79
Saskatchewan 1 74 51 15 23 6 20 16     66      
SFU           138         82      
Sherbrooke   40 73 28 64           94      
SMU                            
Toronto   119 105   284 201     85 41 186 27    
UBC 16 38 125 94 137 55 33 38   33 115 53   32
UBCO     58   24           75      
UNB   51 90 13 32     23     61   8 17
UNBC             32              
UOIT         71       5   133   25 55
UQAC     27 5 13     7     19      
UQAR         4           6     4
UQAT         3           2     5
UQO       5                    
UQTR   7     22       40   19      
UVic 11     9 98           83   18  
Waterloo   213 116 130 117   35 10     310   78 127
Western   53 73 6 35           82   47 21
Windsor     65   56   13   35   114      
York       10             7   1 3
TOTAL 277.6 1,370 2,757 713 2,435 588 363 187 472 248 3,791 345 634 724
 
Table UD.3.4 Total undergraduate degrees awarded to women by institution and discipline: 2016.
Institution
Biosystems
Chemical
Civil
Computer
Electrical
Engineering Physics
Environmental
Geological
Industrial or Manufacturing
Materials or Metallurgical
Mechanical
Mining or Mineral
Software
Other
Alberta   41 44 4 13 2       13 27 6   12
BCIT     3   1           1      
Calgary   26 23   28           31   2 27
Carleton 5   37 5 16 1 20       4     14
Concordia     51 1 7       15   16   10  
Conestoga                     1      
Dal   16 11   6   7   6 2 5 4    
ETS     51   13       2   12   1  
Guelph 32     1     31       6      
Lakehead   12 8   4           7   1  
Laurentian   8                 5 9    
Laval 5 6 29 2 2 1 7 11 12 1 5 4 3 6
Manitoba 12   13 1 9           12      
McGill   33 28 5 16         10 20 9 8  
McMaster   24 23 2 22 2       19 14   5  
Moncton     2   1                  
MUN     9 1 3           10     11
NSAC                            
Ottawa 7 20 27 3 4           8   3  
Polytechnique 18 35 47 3 9 7   10 23   30 1 8 10
Queen's   30 45 5 10 22   27     29 16    
Regina       1     12   5         7
RMC                            
Ryerson 28 19 30 2 13       9   12     14
Saskatchewan   22 18     1 11 3     5      
SFU           28         9      
Sherbrooke   15 15 2 2           10      
SMU                            
Toronto   49 32   59 54     38 15 22 6    
UBC 6 16 23 10 25 2 17 11   6 23 7   10
UBCO     5   2           8      
UNB   13 17   4     6     7   1 4
UNBC             17              
UOIT         3           7   2 5
UQAC     7   2     1     4      
UQAR         2           1     1
UQAT                     1     4
UQO                            
UQTR   2     4       22          
UVic 2       12           9      
Waterloo   54 28 10 8   16       36   14 45
Western   25 17 2 5           12   6 6
Windsor     14   9   6   6   17      
York       1             2     2
TOTAL 115 466 657 61 314 120 144 69 138 66 428 62 64 178

Post-graduate Enrolment (G)

Table G.1.1 Total full-time master's students: 2012 to 2016
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Cdn Male 4,818 4,654 4,001 4,259 4,232
Cdn Female 1,385 1,396 1,221 1,334 1,459
Visa Male 4,252 4,454 4,945 5,569 5,814
Visa Female 1,298 1,348 1,679 1,877 1,971
Total 11,752 11,852 11,845 13,040 13,476
 
Table G.1.2 Total full-time doctoral students: 2012 to 2016
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Cdn Male 3,390 3,336 3,065 3,064 2,839
Cdn Female 966 1,089 1,000 989 963
Visa Male 3,227 3,287 3,615 4,018 4,136
Visa Female 894 997 1,076 1,150 1,209
Total 8,477 8,709 8,756 9,221 9,146
 
Table G.1.3 Total part-time master's students: 2012 to 2016
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Cdn Male 1,978 1,790 1,290 1,190 1,470
Cdn Female 554 498 395 324 375
Visa Male 132 204 203 228 310
Visa Female 40 47 64 70 110
Total 2,703 2,539 1,952 1,812 2,264
 
Table G.1.4 Total part-time doctoral students: 2012 to 2016
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Cdn Male 311 285 239 255 236
Cdn Female 51 59 52 56 53
Visa Male 36 39 34 34 31
Visa Female 6 2 9 6 7
Total 404 386 334 351 327
 
Table G.1.5 Total full-time equivalent master’s students by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 382 378 415 431 464
Chemical 1,099 1,026 910 989 1,070
Civil 2,060 1,875 1,843 2,064 2,280
Computer 322 439 337 402 376
Electrical 3,432 3,420 3,412 3,645 3,582
Engineering Physics 202 184 202 203 179
Environmental 268 296 352 360 396
Geological 19 18 16 16 17
Industrial or Manufacturing 392 427 449 415 458
Materials or Metallurgical 246 261 242 239 251
Mechanical 2,083 2,110 2,148 2,517 2,699
Mining or Mineral 160 148 188 211 210
Software 203 284 297 344 347
Other 1,826 1,856 1,836 1,878 1,900
TOTAL 12,694 12,725 12,646 13,715 14,229
 
Table G.1.6 Total full-time equivalent doctoral students by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 325 429 448 483 508
Chemical 1,076 1,007 958 967 980
Civil 1,282 1,292 1,334 1,424 1,352
Computer 156 145 149 199 230
Electrical 2,445 2,354 2,406 2,423 2,390
Engineering Physics 211 219 227 247 192
Environmental 99 136 116 126 143
Geological 8 11 6 2 0
Industrial or Manufacturing 176 185 185 214 193
Materials or Metallurgical 375 359 366 362 380
Mechanical 1,495 1,631 1,608 1,662 1,666
Mining or Mineral 101 100 119 124 142
Software 18 27 51 17 29
Other 863 958 928 1,134 1,055
TOTAL 8,631 8,851 8,899 9,383 9,260
 
Table G.1.7 Total full-time equivalent female master’s students by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 169 152 164 171 184
Chemical 383 358 321 370 387
Civil 543 505 489 566 637
Computer 58 56 68 83 102
Electrical 671 721 789 840 873
Engineering Physics 43 42 45 44 44
Environmental 110 134 162 162 182
Geological 9 7 5 4 6
Industrial or Manufacturing 113 114 112 98 119
Materials or Metallurgical 73 77 68 66 65
Mechanical 267 276 328 383 417
Mining or Mineral 42 35 47 53 55
Software 36 54 66 86 97
Other 370 401 412 426 427
TOTAL 2,888 2,933 3,075 3,352 3,596
 
Table G.1.8 Total full-time equivalent female doctoral students by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 122 160 161 174 192
Chemical 346 351 327 316 315
Civil 309 317 337 350 356
Computer 42 36 33 46 53
Electrical 407 427 452 456 462
Engineering Physics 41 47 52 55 39
Environmental 34 51 44 52 55
Geological 2 3 2 1 0
Industrial or Manufacturing 39 39 42 53 51
Materials or Metallurgical 99 99 106 121 115
Mechanical 253 347 278 264 271
Mining or Mineral 26 26 36 36 40
Software 2 4 9 2 6
Other 162 204 226 250 236
TOTAL 1,882 2,112 2,104 2,177 2,193
 
Table G.1.9 Total full-time equivalent foreign master’s students by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 114 130 117 127 138
Chemical 523 398 492 533 570
Civil 681 701 708 849 975
Computer 164 203 184 234 219
Electrical 1,892 1,904 2,200 2,390 2,360
Engineering Physics 61 67 61 73 64
Environmental 118 132 185 185 207
Geological 3 6 5 4 3
Industrial or Manufacturing 170 218 247 236 284
Materials or Metallurgical 107 124 109 103 111
Mechanical 816 913 1,056 1,352 1,494
Mining or Mineral 71 73 85 99 96
Software 95 184 231 258 246
Other 803 858 1,056 1,132 1,197
TOTAL 5,617 5,912 6,737 7,576 7,965
 
Table G.1.10 Total full-time equivalent foreign doctoral students by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 101 161 175 188 213
Chemical 555 481 523 553 607
Civil 583 613 678 738 735
Computer 74 80 76 113 134
Electrical 1,194 1,209 1,328 1,422 1,431
Engineering Physics 83 98 108 127 99
Environmental 46 61 63 62 81
Geological 2 5 1 2 0
Industrial or Manufacturing 86 100 98 113 96
Materials or Metallurgical 219 199 218 229 250
Mechanical 734 786 872 955 1,006
Mining or Mineral 48 49 61 65 75
Software 7 11 17 5 4
Other 408 450 494 641 628
TOTAL 4,139 4,300 4,712 5,213 5,359
 
Table G.2.1 Total full-time equivalent master’s students by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 1,578 1,307 1,071 1,214 1,324
BC 851 848 857 1,065 871
MB 214 228 248 245 253
NB 180 171 133 151 139
NL 277 267 298 300 359
NS 335 418 389 367 366
ON 4,814 5,343 5,296 5,503 5,912
PE          
QC 4,123 3,799 4,023 4,479 4,578
SK 323 344 332 391 428
TOTAL 12,694 12,725 12,646 13,715 14,229
 
Table G.2.2 Total full-time equivalent doctoral students by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 1,233 1,141 1,081 1,101 1,103
BC 885 895 884 1,039 842
MB 213 214 214 240 245
NB 114 111 86 76 93
NL 100 127 151 165 213
NS 91 113 123 144 148
ON 3,103 3,294 3,394 3,424 3,455
PE          
QC 2,701 2,751 2,768 2,858 2,925
SK 190 206 200 337 237
TOTAL 8,631 8,851 8,899 9,383 9,260
 
Table G.2.3 Total full-time equivalent female master’s students by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 416 361 325 360 407
BC 196 194 197 243 226
MB 49 57 67 61 65
NB 34 35 24 41 36
NL 69 72 69 63 66
NS 44 61 62 78 86
ON 1,077 1,212 1,302 1,378 1,509
PE          
QC 910 847 943 1,029 1,098
SK 91 95 87 100 104
TOTAL 2,888 2,933 3,075 3,352 3,596
 
Table G.2.4 Total full-time equivalent female doctoral students by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 269 332 276 255 263
BC 183 188 190 200 188
MB 39 42 44 50 54
NB 31 34 21 17 18
NL 16 23 32 34 41
NS 21 29 28 33 29
ON 674 743 766 792 801
PE          
QC 601 667 688 714 736
SK 48 53 60 83 63
TOTAL 1,882 2,112 2,104 2,177 2,193
 
Table G.2.5 Total full-time equivalent foreign master’s students by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 801 610 622 656 675
BC 427 459 502 665 540
MB 109 123 135 134 149
NB 88 87 68 60 49
NL 217 205 245 264 297
NS 247 294 268 255 274
ON 1,759 1,983 2,474 2,737 3,058
PE          
QC 1,756 1,916 2,183 2,538 2,644
SK 212 236 241 267 280
TOTAL 5,617 5,912 6,737 7,576 7,965
 
Table G.2.6 Total full-time equivalent foreign doctoral students by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 696 485 719 721 777
BC 522 534 536 643 522
MB 114 123 135 148 153
NB 74 77 57 27 47
NL 56 80 105 125 160
NS 40 48 64 67 69
ON 1,163 1,358 1,454 1,587 1,634
PE          
QC 1,348 1,452 1,503 1,710 1,843
SK 127 143 139 187 154
TOTAL 4,139 4,300 4,712 5,213 5,359
 
Table G.2.7 Total full-time equivalent postgraduate student enrolment by province and discipline: 2016
Discipline AB BC MB NB NL NS ON PE QC SK Total
Biosystems 95 197 69 1   38 357   132 82 972
Chemical 616     52   42 896   395 49 2,050
Civil 400 270 118 34 82 53 1,366   1,214 96 3,632
Computer 81 6     82   235   167 34 606
Electrical 384 521 177 38 65 79 2,849   1,749 109 5,972
Engineering Physics 49 110       14 74   125   371
Environmental   23     21 14 241   188 52 539
Geological             17       17
Industrial or Manufacturing     31     24 112   447 37 651
Materials or Metallurgical 101 85       17 177   238   618
Mechanical 441 421 103 55 67 40 1,994   1,122 122 4,366
Mining or Mineral 106 80       8 74   85   353
Software             58   307 10 375
Other 153     53 255 185 902   1,334 74 2,955
 
Table G.2.8 Total full-time equivalent female postgraduate student enrolment by province and discipline: 2016
Discipline AB BC MB NB NL NS ON PE QC SK Total
Biosystems 43 68 26 1   15 143   54 26 376
Chemical 210     14   10 300   149 20 703
Civil 134 70 31 8 19 21 360   324 26 993
Computer 23 2     16   73   35 7 156
Electrical 83 113 41 9 12 11 668   378 20 1,335
Engineering Physics 16 34       3 11   20   83
Environmental   3     9 8 108   89 22 238
Geological             6       6
Industrial or Manufacturing     6     7 14   135 8 171
Materials or Metallurgical 25 30       3 45   73   177
Mechanical 76 69 14 11 7 5 328   161 18 688
Mining or Mineral 23 26       2 21   23   95
Software             15   87 1 103
Other 36     11 44 30 215   305 21 663
 
Table G.3.1 Total full-time postgraduate students by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alberta 1,495 1,493 1,344 1,317 1,334
Calgary 1,223 898 788 998 989
Carleton 669 717 727 757 831
Concordia 1,677 1,752 1,879 2,102 2,184
Dal 415 520 487 489 506
ETS 1,161 918 1,116 1,249 1,287
Guelph 132 128 155 161 169
Lakehead 48 41 56 74 158
Laurentian 55 31 50 37 42
Laval 487 531 531 494 504
Manitoba 414 429 452 477 488
McGill 1,081 969 842 846 872
McMaster 499 639 697 731 741
Moncton 15 15 10 18 15
MUN 348 363 423 465 547
NSAC     0   0
Ottawa 608 810 918 904 885
Polytechnique 1,273 1,288 1,314 1,400 1,413
Queen's 433 446 471 468 456
Regina 170 182 188 231 179
RMC 96 88 92 95 86
Ryerson 718 707 551 584 600
Saskatchewan 324 342 324 425 463
SFU 207 190 194 181 177
Sherbrooke 523 492 485 540 544
SMU     2 7 7
Toronto 1,549 1,688 1,839 1,900 1,989
UBC 1,068 1,074 1,037 984 917
UBCO 140 142 164 549 202
UNB 234 221 166 163 186
UOIT 142 214 158 174 191
UQAC 117 147 94 211 196
UQAM     18    
UQAR 19 15 22 25 35
UQAT 38 23 28 29 57
UQTR 101 110 117 125 126
UVic 306 324 304 337 335
Waterloo 1,293 1,339 1,290 1,261 1,310
Western 556 574 582 708 657
Windsor 510 628 670 717 885
York   6 17 24 46
TOTAL 20,144 20,493 20,601 22,254 22,610
 
Table G.3.2 Total part-time postgraduate students by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0
Calgary 234 158 33 0 261
Carleton 162 139 140 128 120
Concordia 100 87 107 136 124
Dal 17 12 40 13 29
ETS 331 364 387 365 324
Guelph 35 27 28 24 24
Lakehead 1 1 0 0 0
Laurentian 0 26 0 1 10
Laval 55 41 39 42 31
Manitoba 45 43 37 31 35
McGill 58 0 48 56 55
McMaster 444 433 107 97 65
Moncton 0 0 9 6 6
MUN 55 58 76 76 72
NSAC     0   0
Ottawa 110 101 109 131 93
Polytechnique 109 112 114 127 126
Queen's 58 50 35 34 36
Regina 38 41 38 39 44
RMC 20 17 23 25 26
Ryerson 93 150 79 72 70
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0
SFU 8 14 18 27 27
Sherbrooke 153 145 0 0 221
SMU     0 0 1
Toronto 214 201 168 146 153
UBC 33 26 105 105 193
UBCO 0 0 0 2 2
UNB 44 41 42 45 31
UOIT 50 63 61 72 65
UQAC 0 0 5 0 8
UQAM     0    
UQAR 0 2 0 1 0
UQAT 0 0 2 2 0
UQTR 139 114 76 38 19
UVic 0 0 0 0 0
Waterloo 405 375 304 278 277
Western 55 37 27 29 11
Windsor 19 23 28 23 20
York   2 3 4 13
TOTAL 3,084 2,904 2,286 2,175 2,591
 
Table G.3.3 Total full-time female postgraduate students by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alberta 365 438 378 347 341
Calgary 301 246 219 268 304
Carleton 137 152 163 177 208
Concordia 363 391 440 489 529
Dal 65 88 89 108 115
ETS 223 186 270 293 320
Guelph 29 30 43 49 47
Lakehead 10 4 9 14 29
Laurentian 9 3 10 8 9
Laval 99 116 116 127 133
Manitoba 85 97 108 109 117
McGill 235 206 194 197 211
McMaster 135 171 186 190 197
Moncton 1 2 2 4 3
MUN 79 89 97 98 104
NSAC     0   0
Ottawa 135 203 252 245 233
Polytechnique 361 379 380 378 383
Queen's 97 100 104 105 109
Regina 45 53 55 52 53
RMC 17 17 15 15 16
Ryerson 117 115 117 133 156
Saskatchewan 88 89 86 107 109
SFU 40 41 45 46 49
Sherbrooke 88 83 87 88 96
SMU     0 0 0
Toronto 405 440 492 527 547
UBC 256 262 261 258 243
UBCO 30 23 20 68 25
UNB 59 56 34 44 43
UOIT 21 41 33 38 32
UQAC 26 40 29 66 53
UQAM     2    
UQAR 2 1 2 3 5
UQAT 6 4 4 5 11
UQTR 17 28 26 29 27
UVic 49 53 53 60 77
Waterloo 290 303 292 286 326
Western 137 146 152 190 176
Windsor 89 110 105 126 152
York   1 5 7 12
TOTAL 4,512 4,806 4,975 5,352 5,598
 
Table G.3.4 Total part-time female postgraduate students by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0
Calgary 47 24 6 0 60
Carleton 29 24 31 30 19
Concordia 19 13 18 23 26
Dal 1 3 1 2 5
ETS 67 80 90 80 67
Guelph 8 11 12 8 8
Lakehead 0 0 0 0 0
Laurentian 0 4 0 0 2
Laval 14 6 8 7 10
Manitoba 13 8 8 5 7
McGill 12 0 6 9 14
McMaster 74 70 23 17 13
Moncton 0 0 2 2 2
MUN 11 11 13 9 9
NSAC     0   0
Ottawa 18 20 27 32 24
Polytechnique 28 30 40 43 37
Queen's 13 11 6 6 5
Regina 12 10 10 9 10
RMC 4 0 7 6 6
Ryerson 7 19 14 11 7
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0
SFU 1 1 2 4 6
Sherbrooke 31 32 0 0 42
SMU     0 0 0
Toronto 47 47 38 28 27
UBC 10 8 28 30 46
UBCO 0 0 0 0 0
UNB 4 10 10 10 7
UOIT 9 12 8 11 9
UQAC 0 0 3 0 2
UQAM     0    
UQAR 0 1 0 0 0
UQAT 0 0 0 0 0
UQTR 81 64 44 18 6
UVic 0 0 0 0 0
Waterloo 83 70 56 53 60
Western 3 11 6 8 2
Windsor 2 2 2 2 3
York   1 2 1 3
TOTAL 648 603 520 462 545
 
Table G.3.5 Total full-time postgraduate students by institution and discipline: 2016
Institution
Biosystems
Chemical
Civil
Computer
Electrical
Engineering Physics
Environmental
Geological
Industrial or Manufacturing
Materials or Metallurgical
Mechanical
Mining or Mineral
Software
Other
Alberta   207 273 81 190 49       101 258 106   69
Calgary 95 369 118   173           154     80
Carleton     127 11 384   38     4 96   18 153
Concordia     514   795       130   371   248 126
Dal 38 42 53   79 7 14   24 17 40 8   185
ETS     95   118   80   44   92   34 823
Guelph 28     38     73       30      
Lakehead     22   63   35       38      
Laurentian                       42    
Laval   74 105   98   46     59 110 10   2
Manitoba 69   115   172       31   102      
McGill 36 101 107   283         150 195      
McMaster 53 88 64 75 123 57     1 56 102   37 85
Moncton                           15
MUN     79 81 61   21       63     242
NSAC                            
Ottawa 26 92 151   338   62       115     102
Polytechnique 95 120 173 164 187 137     202 26 185 72   53
Queen's   67 91   112 16   17     126 27    
Regina       28     42   33       9 67
RMC   24 14   33           7     8
Ryerson 7 36 113 91 165           108     81
Saskatchewan 82 49 96   109   5       122      
SFU           90         87      
Sherbrooke   67 162   163           142     10
SMU           7                
Toronto 240 229 266   517         84 508     145
UBC 186   176   264   20     82 119 70    
UBCO     80   68           54      
UNB 1 45 26   33           51     29
UOIT         64           70     58
UQAC             56             140
UQAR                           35
UQAT                           57
UQTR   29     55       43          
UVic       6 176           152      
Waterloo   196 184   438           274     218
Western   153 189   202           114      
Windsor     83   310   26   109 33 324      
York     19 7             21      
TOTAL 958 1,986 3,495 581 5,771 362 518 17 616 611 4,229 334 347 2,785
 
Table G.3.6 Total part-time postgraduate students by institution and discipline: 2016
Institution
Biosystems
Chemical
Civil
Computer
Electrical
Engineering Physics
Environmental
Geological
Mechanical
Industrial or Manufacturing
Materials or Metallurgical
Mining or Mineral
Software
Other
Alberta                            
Calgary   99 25   55           75     7
Carleton     23 1 65   5       12   1 13
Concordia     39   31       6   15   22 11
Dal 2 0 6   5 1     5   1     9
ETS     47   43   15   9   23   25 161
Guelph 3     6     15       1      
Lakehead                            
Laurentian                       10    
Laval     13   10           1 4   3
Manitoba 3   11   18       2   2      
McGill   4 12   10         7 22      
McMaster 1 3 8 7 10 1     2 0 9   7 18
Moncton                           6
MUN     9 4 11           13     35
NSAC                            
Ottawa 0 3 16   37   3       13     22
Polytechnique 3 6 28 11 14 -12     56   6 2   13
Queen's   1 8   10           7 10    
Regina       11     10   8       2 13
RMC   8 2   13           2     1
Ryerson 1 3 17 4 23           14     9
Saskatchewan                            
SFU           27                
Sherbrooke                           221
SMU           1                
Toronto 2 8 45   47         0 47     4
UBC 36   42   40   11     10 28 26    
UBCO     1   1           0      
UNB   6 7   5           4     8
UOIT         13           20     33
UQAC                           8
UQAR                            
UQAT                            
UQTR   2     6       11          
UVic                            
Waterloo   14 38   100           55     70
Western   1 4   3           2      
Windsor     4   5   1   4   6      
York     2 9             3      
TOTAL 49 159 406 52 574 18 60   103 17 380 52 57 664
 
Table G.3.7 Total full-time female postgraduate students by institution and discipline: 2016
Institution
Biosystems
Chemical
Civil
Computer
Electrical
Engineering Physics
Environmental
Geological
Mechanical
Industrial or Manufacturing
Materials or Metallurgical
Mining or Mineral
Software
Other
Alberta   78 88 23 28 16       25 43 23   17
Calgary 43 121 43   48           29     19
Carleton     28 7 97   23       17   5 31
Concordia     144   216       30   37   73 29
Dal 15 10 21   11 3 8   7 3 5 2   30
ETS     23   21   44   9   12   10 200
Guelph 7     9     26       5      
Lakehead     1   10   15       3      
Laurentian                       9    
Laval   24 22   17   20     22 24 3   1
Manitoba 26   31   41       6   14      
McGill 13 40 35   48         43 32      
McMaster 26 27 16 18 31 8     0 21 17   10 23
Moncton                           3
MUN     18 16 12   9       6     43
NSAC                            
Ottawa 7 33 29   99   28       10     28
Polytechnique 41 57 51 34 31 26     77 8 32 20   6
Queen's   19 24   17 3   6     31 10    
Regina       6     19   7       1 20
RMC   6 5   1           3     1
Ryerson 2 12 34 33 39           24     13
Saskatchewan 26 20 26   20   0       18      
SFU           29         21      
Sherbrooke   17 33   25           20     1
SMU                            
Toronto 100 89 92   109         19 118     20
UBC 64   56   51   2     29 17 24    
UBCO     10   10           5      
UNB 1 11 6   7           11     7
UOIT         14           10     9
UQAC             21             32
UQAR                           5
UQAT                           11
UQTR   9     8       10          
UVic       2 50           25      
Waterloo   54 59   98           36     79
Western   58 44   53           21      
Windsor     13   87   14   13 6 19      
York     5 3             4      
TOTAL 371 684 957 151 1,295 84 228 6 160 175 670 91 98 627
 
Table G.3.8 Total part-time female postgraduate enrolment by institution and discipline: 2016
Institution
Biosystems
Chemical
Civil
Computer
Electrical
Engineering Physics
Environmental
Geological
Mechanical
Industrial or Manufacturing
Materials or Metallurgical
Mining or Mineral
Software
Other
Alberta                            
Calgary   28 7   17           7     1
Carleton     3   12   2       1     1
Concordia     9   8       1   2   3 3
Dal     0   1       1         3
ETS     11   8   8   1       4 35
Guelph 2           5       0      
Lakehead                            
Laurentian                       2    
Laval     5   3             1   1
Manitoba 1   3   2           1      
McGill   2 4   2         2 4      
McMaster 0 0 3 1 1           1   1 4
Moncton                           2
MUN     3               2     4
NSAC                            
Ottawa   1 4   10   2       3     5
Polytechnique 2 3 11 2 3 -6     20   1 0   1
Queen's     0   1           1 3    
Regina       1     4   1       0 3
RMC   3     1           1     1
Ryerson 1 1 2 1 0           2     1
Saskatchewan                            
SFU           6                
Sherbrooke                           42
SMU                            
Toronto 0 3 10   5         0 9     1
UBC 12   13   7   3     3 4 4    
UBCO                            
UNB   3 2   2                 1
UOIT         3           2     4
UQAC                           2
UQAR                            
UQAT                            
UQTR   0     1       5          
UVic                            
Waterloo   3 12   15           9     21
Western   0 1   0                  
Windsor     1   0       2          
York     0 3             0      
TOTAL 18 47 104 8 102 0 24   32 5 51 10 9 135

Post-graduate Degrees Awarded (GD)

Table GD.1.1 Total master’s degrees awarded by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 131 186 153 159 160
Chemical 408 424 469 463 492
Civil 891 879 902 874 939
Computer 164 183 168 185 171
Electrical 1,354 1,441 1,619 1,539 1,796
Engineering Physics 76 75 64 61 67
Environmental 134 129 152 180 200
Geological 9 8 9 11 14
Industrial or Manufacturing 172 236 237 268 204
Materials or Metallurgical 97 97 119 93 90
Mechanical 905 834 950 1,062 1,255
Mining or Mineral 66 88 56 83 83
Software 65 88 124 149 173
Other 747 828 945 1,126 895
TOTAL 5,219 5,496 5,978 6,253 6,539
 
Table GD.1.2 Total doctoral degrees awarded by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 41 60 50 66 62
Chemical 165 169 185 174 200
Civil 170 187 171 213 259
Computer 25 22 28 32 32
Electrical 330 389 384 368 387
Engineering Physics 38 43 48 36 33
Environmental 16 14 18 20 19
Geological 1 0 1 1 1
Industrial or Manufacturing 18 24 27 31 34
Materials or Metallurgical 52 48 71 49 37
Mechanical 191 236 260 264 290
Mining or Mineral 6 29 14 18 27
Software 0 3 3 3 2
Other 109 106 124 146 163
TOTAL 1,162 1,330 1,389 1,421 1,546
 
Table GD.1.3 Total master’s degrees awarded to women by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 63 74 66 63 69
Chemical 131 145 180 167 187
Civil 253 214 247 235 299
Computer 41 31 35 45 30
Electrical 241 305 354 363 432
Engineering Physics 22 16 14 14 16
Environmental 39 48 69 77 101
Geological 6 2 4 4 5
Industrial or Manufacturing 47 104 71 99 49
Materials or Metallurgical 32 30 39 26 30
Mechanical 126 105 132 146 190
Mining or Mineral 18 16 17 17 17
Software 16 15 23 40 36
Other 131 170 195 238 204
TOTAL 1,166 1,275 1,453 1,534 1,665
 
Table GD.1.4 Total doctoral degrees awarded to women by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 17 25 16 21 21
Chemical 50 39 65 61 72
Civil 39 32 31 49 63
Computer 10 6 7 3 11
Electrical 54 45 54 60 62
Engineering Physics 3 4 8 12 11
Environmental 3 3 4 4 7
Geological 1 0 0 0 0
Industrial or Manufacturing 1 3 7 9 8
Materials or Metallurgical 13 10 21 15 13
Mechanical 18 34 49 49 53
Mining or Mineral 2 5 1 3 8
Software 0 2 2 0 0
Other 28 12 23 28 37
TOTAL 239 220 288 314 366
 
Table GD.1.5 Total master’s degrees awarded to foreign students by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 32 61 61 50 55
Chemical 183 156 248 264 263
Civil 320 269 328 354 413
Computer 76 74 99 95 105
Electrical 724 756 1,031 966 1,237
Engineering Physics 25 24 20 22 30
Environmental 48 69 78 107 118
Geological 0 2 2 2 6
Industrial or Manufacturing 75 83 114 120 108
Materials or Metallurgical 47 48 52 39 50
Mechanical 325 314 436 530 748
Mining or Mineral 36 38 37 47 39
Software 26 51 75 118 136
Other 340 426 551 723 601
TOTAL 2,257 2,371 3,141 3,437 3,909
 
Table GD.1.6 Total doctoral degrees awarded to foreign students by discipline: 2012 to 2016
Discipline 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biosystems 3 13 11 15 17
Chemical 45 56 56 65 93
Civil 33 35 48 84 88
Computer 7 6 10 12 12
Electrical 89 110 122 137 180
Engineering Physics 9 11 18 13 11
Environmental 3 4 9 11 4
Geological 0 0 0 0 0
Industrial or Manufacturing 6 5 10 12 12
Materials or Metallurgical 14 20 28 20 22
Mechanical 36 60 96 97 129
Mining or Mineral 1 9 5 5 11
Software 0 2 2 1 0
Other 33 31 44 72 63
TOTAL 279 362 463 544 642
 
Table GD.2.1 Total master’s degrees awarded by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 644 460 494 433 407
BC 404 340 317 345 380
MB 62 62 74 89 76
NB 65 50 67 24 54
NL 79 103 120 131 134
NS 128 173 217 341 133
ON 2,323 2,652 2,905 3,057 3,330
PE          
QC 1,394 1,537 1,644 1,689 1,885
SK 120 119 140 144 140
TOTAL 5,219 5,496 5,978 6,253 6,539
 
Table GD.2.2 Total doctoral degrees awarded by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 154 203 221 153 205
BC 98 126 111 116 117
MB 39 28 29 27 52
NB 13 18 16 11 11
NL 7 12 14 19 16
NS 11 16 18 19 26
ON 500 552 520 615 651
PE          
QC 313 354 425 425 438
SK 27 21 35 36 30
TOTAL 1,162 1,330 1,389 1,421 1,546
 
Table GD.2.3 Total master’s degrees awarded to women by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 159 106 145 116 139
BC 101 87 75 70 79
MB 15 14 14 21 21
NB 9 12 17 5 9
NL 19 28 28 34 36
NS 24 27 26 40 28
ON 496 578 732 755 892
PE          
QC 308 389 370 451 423
SK 35 34 46 42 38
TOTAL 1,166 1,275 1,453 1,534 1,665
 
Table GD.2.4 Total doctoral degrees awarded to women by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 35 31 44 35 46
BC 16 27 25 20 24
MB 4 4 6 3 6
NB 2 3 4 3 4
NL 0 2 3 0 3
NS 1 5 4 4 12
ON 118 90 103 143 152
PE          
QC 57 51 90 100 112
SK 6 7 9 6 7
TOTAL 239 220 288 314 366
 
Table GD.2.5 Total master’s degrees awarded to foreign students by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 373 215 279 242 231
BC 174 164 142 177 235
MB 23 28 48 46 41
NB 39 31 35 20 31
NL 59 87 103 113 112
NS 84 137 173 284 96
ON 800 946 1,398 1,532 1,902
PE          
QC 634 676 862 908 1,153
SK 71 87 101 115 108
TOTAL 2,257 2,371 3,141 3,437 3,909
 
Table GD.2.6 Total doctoral degrees awarded to foreign students by province: 2012 to 2016
Province 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
AB 44 66 84 77 100
BC 39 46 57 64 58
MB 8 5 9 12 23
NB 8 12 7 7 6
NL 4 3 8 5 4
NS 2 3 5 5 7
ON 98 106 134 186 221
PE          
QC 67 110 133 167 214
SK 9 11 26 21 9
TOTAL 279 362 463 544 642
 
Table GD.2.7 Total master’s degrees awarded by province and discipline: 2016
Discipline AB BC MB NB NL NS ON PE QC SK Total
Biosystems 20 37 3 1   8 61   18 12 160
Chemical 121     15     288   61 7 492
Civil 65 67 19 7 6 8 442   313 12 939
Computer 10 4     14   93   37 13 171
Electrical 54 96 23 12 6 15 1,073   501 16 1,796
Engineering Physics 6 22         16   23   67
Environmental   24     13 5 94   49 15 200
Geological   9         5       14
Industrial or Manufacturing     9     14 28   138 15 204
Materials or Metallurgical 12 5         51   22   90
Mechanical 75 84 22 9 8 17 732   296 12 1,255
Mining or Mineral 18 32         23   10   83
Software             9   157 7 173
Other 26     10 87 66 415   260 31 895
TOTAL 407 380 76 54 134 133 3,330   1,885 140 6,539
 
Table GD.2.8 Total doctoral degrees awarded by province and discipline: 2016
Discipline AB BC MB NB NL NS ON PE QC SK Total
Biosystems   9 8     7 22   12 4 62
Chemical 48     4     105   43   200
Civil 49 12 8 2 4 8 103   71 2 259
Computer 6 2     1   8   13 2 32
Electrical 32 43 22 2 2 2 191   91 2 387
Engineering Physics 4 10         4   15   33
Environmental             9   3 7 19
Geological             1       1
Industrial or Manufacturing     13     1 6   13 1 34
Materials or Metallurgical 4 5       3 10   15   37
Mechanical 29 35 1 1 3 5 138   69 9 290
Mining or Mineral 12 1         7   7   27
Software             2       2
Other 21     2 6   45   86 3 163
TOTAL 205 117 52 11 16 26 651   438 30 1,546
 
Table GD.3.1 Total master’s degrees awarded by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acadia     0    
Alberta 329 281 279 239 198
BCIT 0 0 0 0 0
Calgary 315 179 215 194 209
Carleton 177 193 230 251 258
Concordia 534 572 626 667 783
Conestoga 0 0 0 0 0
Dal 128 173 205 341 131
ETS 239 259 293 385 391
Guelph 46 44 44 46 50
Lakehead 14 16 0 8 18
Laurentian 0 61 0 11 8
Laval 75 70 70 60 86
Manitoba 62 62 74 89 76
McGill 122 157 124 153 160
McMaster 225 255 230 250 218
Moncton 1 2 4 0 5
MUN 79 103 120 131 134
NSAC     11 0 0
Ottawa 165 241 465 414 532
Polytechnique 281 281 334 222 304
Queen's 103 113 106 118 151
Regina 49 60 76 83 80
RMC 26 22 19 16 24
Ryerson 231 295 189,39 176 162
Saskatchewan 71 59 64 61 60
SFU 37 38 28 31 31
Sherbrooke 61 65 90 91 79
SMU     1   2
Toronto 482 496 540 631 669
UBC 300 251 237 237 248
UBCO 22 20 24 37 41
UNB 64 48 63 24 49
UNBC 0 0 0 0 0
UOIT 47 30 36 39 79
UQAC 22 8 12 8 33
UQAM 0 0 5    
UQAR 7 8 2 5 8
UQAT 13 19 10 5 0
UQO 0 0 0 0 0
UQTR 40 98 78 93 41
UVic 45 31 28 40 60
Waterloo 415 502 486 480 416
Western 175 131 187 217 286
Windsor 217 253 373 396 451
York 0   0 4 8
TOTAL 5,219 5,496 5,978 6,253 6,539
 
Table GD.3.2 Total doctoral degrees awarded by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acadia     0    
Alberta 78 111 126 83 120
BCIT 0 0 0 0 0
Calgary 76 92 95 70 85
Carleton 23 36 30 36 41
Concordia 70 60 53 56 74
Conestoga 0 0 0 0 0
Dal 11 16 13 19 26
ETS 41 35 44 58 62
Guelph 4 9 7 12 10
Lakehead 0 0 0 0 0
Laurentian 0 31 0 3 4
Laval 24 33 33 40 35
Manitoba 39 28 29 27 52
McGill 59 100 120 106 94
McMaster 66 40 36 65 69
Moncton 0 0 0 0 0
MUN 7 12 14 19 16
NSAC     5 0 0
Ottawa 28 21 39 25 44
Polytechnique 80 88 117 95 107
Queen's 35 46 36 48 40
Regina 13 7 17 10 13
RMC 8 4 6 3 7
Ryerson 25 42 39 44 43
Saskatchewan 14 14 18 26 17
SFU 13 12 12 24 23
Sherbrooke 25 27 42 48 36
SMU     0   0
Toronto 115 106 110 152 150
UBC 67 93 67 50 42
UBCO 1 7 7 15 17
UNB 13 18 16 11 11
UNBC 0 0 0 0 0
UOIT 6 10 16 14 13
UQAC 9 5 9 14 19
UQAM 0 0 0    
UQAR 0 0 0 0 0
UQAT 0 0 0 0 0
UQO 0 0 0 0 0
UQTR 5 6 7 8 11
UVic 17 14 25 27 35
Waterloo 115 134 125 150 144
Western 58 53 50 40 63
Windsor 17 20 26 23 23
York 0   0 0 0
TOTAL 1,162 1,330 1,389 1,421 1,546
 
Table GD.3.3 Total master’s degrees awarded to women by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acadia     0    
Alberta 87 63 81 66 69
BCIT 0 0 0 0 0
Calgary 72 43 64 50 70
Carleton 34 31 51 56 64
Concordia 104 129 124 179 167
Conestoga 0 0 0 0 0
Dal 24 27 19 40 28
ETS 49 39 54 85 89
Guelph 12 11 11 16 16
Lakehead 3 2 0 1 3
Laurentian 0 8 0 1 2
Laval 17 20 20 17 28
Manitoba 15 14 14 21 21
McGill 23 53 31 32 36
McMaster 56 67 90 72 56
Moncton 0 0 0 0 1
MUN 19 28 28 34 36
NSAC     7 0 0
Ottawa 28 57 125 123 147
Polytechnique 84 74 87 68 63
Queen's 29 32 30 26 39
Regina 7 13 26 26 20
RMC 6 4 2 1 4
Ryerson 39 39 40 41 34
Saskatchewan 28 21 20 16 18
SFU 9 8 5 6 8
Sherbrooke 12 12 10 12 14
SMU     0   0
Toronto 107 125 146 164 210
UBC 76 62 60 49 57
UBCO 3 11 6 6 6
UNB 9 12 17 5 8
UNBC 0 0 0 0 0
UOIT 2 5 5 9 19
UQAC 3 0 4 1 6
UQAM 0 0 0    
UQAR 0 0 0 0 1
UQAT 0 3 0 0 0
UQO 0 0 0 0 0
UQTR 16 59 40 57 19
UVic 13 6 4 9 8
Waterloo 108 123 112 129 98
Western 39 30 53 64 111
Windsor 33 44 67 50 88
York 0   0 2 1
TOTAL 1,166 1,275 1,453 1,534 1,665
 
Table GD.3.4 Total doctoral degrees awarded to women by institution: 2012 to 2016
Institution 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Acadia     0    
Alberta 18 16 22 22 30
BCIT 0 0 0 0 0
Calgary 17 15 22 13 16
Carleton 7 3 1 6 13
Concordia 8 9 12 8 17
Conestoga 0 0 0 0 0
Dal 1 5 4 4 12
ETS 8 3 7 12 19
Guelph 0 1 1 1 4
Lakehead 0 0 0 0 0
Laurentian 0 3 0 1 0
Laval 5 0 0 9 6
Manitoba 4 4 6 3 6
McGill 12 14 30 26 17
McMaster 20 9 8 13 11
Moncton 0 0 0 0 0
MUN 0 2 3 0 3
NSAC     0 0 0
Ottawa 10 4 5 3 11
Polytechnique 14 20 32 25 32
Queen's 8 6 6 11 12
Regina 4 3 5 3 3
RMC 1 0 2 2 2
Ryerson 4 8 9 11 6
Saskatchewan 2 4 4 3 4
SFU 1 0 4 5 5
Sherbrooke 6 3 7 14 9
SMU     0   0
Toronto 31 20 23 45 38
UBC 12 24 17 9 14
UBCO 0 1 0 2 1
UNB 2 3 4 3 4
UNBC 0 0 0 0 0
UOIT 1 0 5 2 2
UQAC 4 1 1 5 6
UQAM 0 0 0    
UQAR 0 0 0 0 0
UQAT 0 0 0 0 0
UQO 0 0 0 0 0
UQTR 0 1 1 1 6
UVic 3 2 4 4 4
Waterloo 26 22 26 37 30
Western 8 8 10 8 19
Windsor 2 6 7 3 4
York 0   0 0 0
TOTAL 239 220 288 314 366
 
Table GD.3.5 Total master’s degrees awarded by institution and discipline: 2016
Institution
Biosystems
Chemical
Civil
Computer
Electrical
Engineering Physics
Environmental
Geological
Industrial or Manufacturing
Materials or Metallurgical
Mechanical
Mining or Mineral
Software
Other
Alberta   41 42 10 16 6       12 39 18   14
BCIT                            
Calgary 20 80 23   38           36     12
Carleton 10   36 4 120   20     1 17     50
Concordia     141   316       48   120   133 25
Conestoga                            
Dal 6   8   15   5   14   17     66
ETS     43   59   38   15   42   24 170
Guelph 6     14     26       4      
Lakehead         13   3       2      
Laurentian                       8    
Laval 6 5 19   15   8     8 22 2   1
Manitoba 3   19   23       9   22      
McGill   20 37   47         14 42      
McMaster 6 17 11 23 40 11     1 8 23   9 69
Moncton                           5
MUN     6 14 6   13       8     87
NSAC                            
Ottawa 8 48 65   179   32       76     124
Polytechnique 12 23 55 37 34 23     46   46 8   20
Queen's   21 26   31 5   5     48 15    
Regina       13     14   15       7 31
RMC   6 6   7           2     3
Ryerson   8 29 47 52           13     13
Saskatchewan 12 7 12   16   1       12      
SFU           19         12      
Sherbrooke   9 18   22           24     6
SMU 2                          
Toronto 31 80 114   179         26 202     37
UBC 37   51   44 3 24 9   5 43 32    
UBCO     16   17           8      
UNB 1 15 7   12           9     5
UNBC                            
UOIT         39           31     9
UQAC             3             30
UQAR                           8
UQAT                            
UQO                            
UQTR   4     8       29          
UVic       4 35           21      
Waterloo   62 32   140           72     110
Western   46 92   78           70      
Windsor     31   195   13   27 16 169      
York       5             3      
TOTAL 160 492 939 171 1,796 67 200 14 204 90 1,255 83 173 895
 
Table GD.3.6 Total doctoral degrees awarded by institution and discipline: 2016
Institution
Biosystems
Chemical
Civil
Computer
Electrical
Engineering Physics
Environmental
Geological
Industrial or Manufacturing
Materials or Metallurgical
Mechanical
Mining or Mineral
Software
Other
Alberta   26 30 6 17 4       4 17 12   4
BCIT                            
Calgary   22 19   15           12     17
Carleton     5   24   1       5     6
Concordia     24   22       5   20     3
Conestoga                            
Dal 7   8   2       1 3 5      
ETS                           62
Guelph 3     2     4       1      
Lakehead                            
Laurentian                       4    
Laval   6 7   11   3     4 4      
Manitoba 8   8   22       13   1      
McGill   15 17   34         9 19      
McMaster 5 14 9 6 16 2       6 9   2  
Moncton                            
MUN     4 1 2           3     6
NSAC                            
Ottawa   8 11   15   3       7      
Polytechnique 12 15 9 13 11 15     4 2 17 7   2
Queen's   7 6   9 2   1     12 3    
Regina       2     7   1         3
RMC   3     1           3      
Ryerson   4 11   8           17     3
Saskatchewan 4   2   2           9      
SFU           10         13      
Sherbrooke   3 14   10           9      
SMU                            
Toronto 14 17 12   43         3 45     16
UBC 9   4   17         5 6 1    
UBCO     8   6           3      
UNB   4 2   2           1     2
UNBC                            
UOIT         4           8     1
UQAC                           19
UQAR                            
UQAT                            
UQO                            
UQTR   4     3       4          
UVic       2 20           13      
Waterloo   27 27   52           19     19
Western   25 18   14           6      
Windsor     4   5   1   6 1 6      
York                            
TOTAL 62 200 259 32 387 33 19 1 34 37 290 27 2 163
 

Faculty Members by institution (F)

Table F.1.1 - Faculty Members by Institution: 2016
Institution
Male Professors
Female Professors
Male Associate Professors
Female Associate Professors
Male Assistant Professors
Female Assistant Professors
Male Instructors/Lecturers
Female Instructors/Lecturers
Total Full Time Equivalent
 
Alberta 96 5 46 9 40 9 10.9 1.7 217.6
BCIT 48 6              
Calgary 76 9 30 9 27 11      
Cape Breton 1.33           1,9    
Carleton 58 4 50.5 6 21 2 9 8 158.5
Concordia 88 11 41 16 24 3 14 4 201
Conestoga 15.8 1.25 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.05
Dal 45.33 5 21.63 5.33 6 3 13.75 2.8 102.84
ETS 70 12 95 15 10 8 158 30 398
Guelph 12 4 14 2 11 6 0 0 49
Lakehead 14 1 11 1 10 2 1    
Laurentian 11 1 8   2   1 1  
Manitoba 35 3 19 5 12 4 5 4 87
McGill 43 1 63 9 22 5 1 1 145
McMaster 83.5 5 29.7 6 16 11 1 0 152.2
Moncton 12 0 4 2 4 1 0 0 23
MUN 27 3 20.5 5 15.6 1.6 4 3 79.7
NSAC 3 0 6 0 2 1 3.34 0.67 16.01
Ottawa 54 9 24 11 15 5 6 1 125
Polytechnique 118 16 41 7 38 6 15 5 246
Queen's 68.8 12.5 25.9 1.5 15 5 13.7 3.7 146.1
Regina 19 4 8 1 4 2 12 1 51
RMC 24   23 3 6 2 19    
Ryerson 74 9 34 5 6 2 1 0 131
Saskatchewan 38 2 22 3 14.55 3 1 2 85.55
SFU 15.25 3 1 2 1 0 4 1 27.25
Sherbrooke 61 4 23 2 7 0 105 20 222
SMU 1   1   4        
StFX                  
Toronto 123.21 17.7 38 16 23 13 18 7 255.91
UBC 89 12 25 5 13 9 24.12 10.45 187.57
UBCO 5 2 14 1 11 1 5.6 5 44.6
UNB 35 4 10 2 7 1 6 0 65
UNBC 3   1            
UOIT 17 0 18 4,25 6 2 10 0 57.25
UQAC 13 3 12 1 1 2 13.25 0.75 46
UQAR 10 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 17
UQAT 6   4   1   1 1  
UQO 9 1 5 3 1 0 0 0 19
UQTR 21 1 7 0 3 0 1 0 33
UVic 30.5 6 16 3 8        
Waterloo 117 16 74 15 30 11.5 23.5 5 292
Western 49 4 26 7 5.5 1 9 0 101.5
Windsor 36.5 2 18 5.5 3 2 5 2 74
York 13.5 2 20 2 18 2 2 1 60.5
TOTAL 1,789.72 201.45 950.23 190.58 463.65 137.1 526.06 122.07 3,934.13
 

Co-op, Internship, and Professional Experience Programs (C)

 
Table C.1.1 - Co-op, Internships and Professional Experience Programs: 2016
Institution Type of Program Mandatory/Optional
Alberta Co-op Optional
BCIT Internship Optional
Calgary Internship Optional
Carleton Co-op Optional
Concordia Co-op & Internship Optional
Conestoga Co-op Mandatory
ETS Co-op Optional
Guelph Co-op Optional
Laval Co-op & Internship Varies
Manitoba Co-op Optional
McGill Co-op & Internship Varies
McMaster Co-op Optional
Moncton Co-op Optional
MUN Co-op Mandatory
Ottawa Co-op Varies
Queen's Internship Optional
Regina Co-op & Internship Optional
Ryerson Co-op & Internship Varies
Saskatchewan Internship Optional
SFU Co-op Varies
Sherbrooke Co-op Optional
Toronto Internship Optional
UBC Co-op Optional
UBCO Co-op Optional
UNB Co-op Optional
UQAR Co-op Optional
UQAT Co-op Optional
UQO Internship Mandatory
UQTR Co-op Optional
UVic Co-op Mandatory
Waterloo Co-op Mandatory
Western Co-op & Internship Optional
Windsor Co-op & Internship Optional
 

Appendix B

Accredited engineering programs by institution

  1. This listing of accredited programs includes only engineering programs that lead to a bachelor’s degree.
  2. Institutions listed have voluntarily requested that specific engineering programs be evaluated by the Accreditation Board. The terminology requested by the institution is shown.
  3. A single date which follows the name of a program indicates the year of the first graduating class for which accreditation applies. Accreditation applies to subsequent years and is still enforced.
  4. A double date following the name of a program indicates the period (inclusive of both years) for which the program was accredited. This may occur if the institution has discontinued the program under that specific name or has not requested renewal of accreditation or if the Accreditation Board has denied such renewal.
  5. The appearance of a third date indicates that accreditation has been renewed from that particular year on, after a time interval.

ALBERTA, UNIVERSITY OF

Edmonton, Alberta

Faculty of Engineering

  • Agricultural Engineering 1983-1995
  • Chemical Engineering 1965-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 1983-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering Physics 1988-
  • Materials Engineering 1999-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Metallurgical Engineering 1965-2000
  • Mineral Engineering 1976-1982
  • Mineral Process Engineering 1983-1991
  • Mining Engineering 1965-1975, 1983-
  • Petroleum Engineering 1978-
  • Year One - Common 1980-

BRITISH COLUMBIA, THE UNIVERSITY OF

Vancouver, British Columbia

Faculty of Applied Science

  • Agricultural Engineering 1965-1978
  • Bio-Resource Engineering 1979-2001
  • Chemical and Biological Engineering 2003-
  • Chemical Engineering 1965-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 2000-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering Physics 1965-
  • Environmental Engineering 2007-
  • Geological Engineering 1965-
  • Integrated Engineering 2003-
  • Materials Engineering 2006-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Metallurgical Engineering 1965-1987
  • Metals and Materials Engineering 1988-2005
  • Mineral Engineering 1965-1979
  • Mining and Mineral Process Engineering 1980-2005
  • Mining Engineering 2004-
  • Year One - Common 1980-

BRITISH COLUMBIA-OKANAGAN, THE UNIVERSITY OF

Kelowna, British Columbia

Faculty of Applied Science

  • Civil Engineering 2010-
  • Electrical Engineering 2010-
  • Mechanical Engineering 2010-
  • Year One - Common 2010-

BRITISH COLUMBIA INSTITUE OF TECHNOLOGY

Burnaby, British Columbia

  • Civil Engineering 2010-
  • Electrical Engineering 2011-
  • Mechanical Engineering 2014-

CALGARY, THE UNIVERSITY OF

Calgary, Alberta

Schulich School of Engineering

  • Chemical Engineering 1969-
  • Civil Engineering 1969-
  • Computer Engineering 2002-2016
  • Electrical Engineering 1969-
  • Geomatics Engineering 1996-
  • Manufacturing Engineering 1997-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1969-
  • Oil and Gas Engineering 2001-
  • Software Engineering 2002-
  • Surveying Engineering 1982-1997
  • Year One - Common 1980-

CARLETON UNIVERSITY

Ottawa, Ontario

Faculty of Engineering and Design

  • Aerospace Engineering 1992-
  • Architectural Conservation and Sustainability 2015-
  • Biomedical and Electrical 2010-
  • Biomedical and Mechanical 2012-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Communications Engineering 2002-
  • Computer Systems Engineering 1984-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering Physics 2003-
  • Environmental Engineering 1996-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Software Engineering 2003-
  • Sustainable & Renewable Energy 2012-
  • Year One - Common 1998-

CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY

Montréal, Québec
(formerly Sir George Williams University, 1959-1974)

Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science

  • Building Engineering:  1982-
  • Civil Engineering:  1969-
  • Computer Engineering:  1983-
  • Electrical Engineering:  1969-
  • Industrial Engineering:  1995-
  • Mechanical Engineering: 1969-
  • Software Engineering:  2002-

CONESTOGA COLLEGE

Kitchener, Ontario

School of Engineering and Information Technology

  • Electronic Systems Engineering: 2014-
  • Mechanical Systems Engineering: 2010-

DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY

Halifax, Nova Scotia
(formerly Dal Tech, 1997-200 and Technical University of Nova Scotia, 1981-1997 and Nova Scotia Technical College, 1907-1980)

Faculty of Engineering

  • Agricultural Engineering 1974-2000
  • Biological Engineering 1997-
  • Chemical Engineering 1965-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 2006-
  • Core Program 1980-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering Physics 1987-1991
  • Environmental Engineering 2006-
  • Industrial Engineering 1969-
  • Materials Engineering 2005-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Metallurgical Engineering 1965-1977, 1981-2005
  • Mineral Resources Engineering 2007-
  • Mining Engineering 1965-2006

ÉCOLE DE TECHNOLOGIE SUPÉRIEURE

Montréal, Québec
(affiliated with l’Université du Québec)

  • Génie de la construction 1993-
  • Génie de la production automatisée 1990-
  • Génie des opérations et de la logistique 2008-
  • Génie des technologies de l'information 2006-
  • Génie électrique 1990-
  • Génie et gestion de la construction 1990-1996
  • Génie logiciel 2004-
  • Génie mécanique 1990-

GUELPH, UNIVERSITY OF

Guelph, Ontario

School of Engineering

  • Agricultural Engineering 1973-1995
  • Biological Engineering 1973-
  • Biomedical Engineering 2014-
  • Computer Engineering 2014-
  • Engineering Systems and Computing 1994-
  • Environmental Engineering 1993-
  • Food Engineering 1993-2000
  • Mechanical Engineering 2013-
  • Water Resources Engineering 1973-
  • Year One - Common 1997-

LAKEHEAD UNIVERSITY

Thunder Bay, Ontario

Faculty of Engineering

  • Chemical Engineering 1974-
  • Civil Engineering 1974-
  • Electrical Engineering 1974-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1974-
  • Software Engineering 2002-
  • Year One - Common 1998-

LAURENTIAN UNIVERSITY

Sudbury, Ontario

School of Engineering

  • Chemical Engineering 2006-
  • Extractive Metallurgical Engineering 1987-2006
  • Extractive Metallurgy 1985-1986
  • Mechanical Engineering 2011-
  • Mineral Resources Engineering 1987-
  • Mining Engineering 1987-
  • Year One - Common 1980-

LAVAL, UNIVERSITÉ

Québec, Québec

  • Génie agroalimentaire 1999-
  • Génie agroenvironnemental 2002-
  • Génie alimentaire 1997-
  • Génie chimique 1965-
  • Génie civil 1965-
  • Génie des eaux 2009-
  • Génie des matériaux et de la métallurgie 1990-
  • Génie des mines et de la minéralurgie 1990-
  • Génie du bois 2002-
  • Génie électrique 1965-
  • Génie géologique 1965-
  • Génie géomatique 2007-
  • Génie industriel 2014-
  • Génie informatique 1993-
  • Génie logiciel 2006-
  • Génie mécanique 1965-
  • Génie métallurgique 1965-1990
  • Génie minier 1965-1990
  • Génie physique 1965-
  • Génie rural 1973-2002
  • Ingénierie/réhabilitation des infrastructures urbaines 1999-
  • Première année - Tronc commun 1980-

MANITOBA, THE UNIVERSITY OF

Winnipeg, Manitoba

Faculty of Engineering

  • Agricultural Engineering 1971-1998
  • Biosystems Engineering 1996-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 1987-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Geological Engineering 1965-2001
  • Industrial Engineering 1987-2005
  • Manufacturing Engineering 2003-2013
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Year One - Common 1980-

MCGILL UNIVERSITY

Montréal, Québec

  • Agricultural Engineering 1971-2006
  • Chemical Engineering 1965-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 1993-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • General Engineering 2000-
  • Materials Engineering 2005-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Metallurgical Engineering 1965-2007
  • Mining Engineering 1965-
  • Software Engineering 2007-

MCMASTER UNIVERSITY

Hamilton, Ontario

Faculty of Engineering

  • Ceramic Engineering 1974-1998
  • Chemical Engineering 1965-
  • Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering 2006-
  • Civil Engineering 1989-
  • Civil Engineering and Computer Systems 1992-1995
  • Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics 1965-1988
  • Computer Engineering 1981-
  • Electrical & Biomedical Engineering 2006-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering Physics 1974-
  • Manufacturing Engineering 1982-2005
  • Materials Engineering 1990-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Mechatronics Engineering 2009-
  • Metallurgical Engineering 1965-1997
  • Software Engineering 2001-
  • Year One - Common 1965-

Memorial University of Newfoundland​

St. John’s, Newfoundland

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

  • Civil Engineering 1975-
  • Computer Engineering 2002-
  • Electrical Engineering 1975-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1975-
  • Naval Architectural Engineering 1986-1996
  • Ocean and Naval Architectural Engineering 1997-
  • Process Engineering 2013-
  • Shipbuilding Engineering 1982-1985
  • Year One - Common 1980-

MONCTON, UNIVERSITÉ DE

Moncton, Nouveau-Brunswick

Faculté d’ingénierie

  • Génie civil 1972-
  • Génie électrique 1998-
  • Génie industriel 1975-2009
  • Génie mécanique 1990-
  • Première année - Tronc commun 1980-

NEW BRUNSWICK, UNIVERSITY OF

Fredericton, New Brunswick

Faculty of Computer Science and Faculty of Engineering

  • Chemical Engineering 1965-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 2001-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering Entrance 1980-
  • Forest Engineering 1972-
  • Geological Engineering 1984-
  • Geomatics Engineering 1999-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Software Engineering 2006-
  • Surveying Engineering 1972-1999
  • Year One - Common 1980-

NORTHERN BRITISH COLUMBIA, UNIVERSITY OF

Prince George, British Columbia

College of Science and Management

  • Environmental Engineering
  • (jointly with British Columbia): 2007-

NOVA SCOTIA TECHNICAL COLLEGE

(see Dalhousie University)

NSTC offered accredited engineering programs from 1965 to 1980.

NOVA SCOTIA, TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF

(see Dalhousie University)

ONTARIO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF

Oshawa, Ontario

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

  • Automotive Engineering: 2009-
  • Electrical Engineering:  2009-
  • Manufacturing Engineering: 2007-
  • Mechanical Engineering: 2008-
  • Nuclear Engineering:  2007-
  • Software Engineering:  2009-

Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science

  • Nuclear Engineering:  2007-

OTTAWA, UNIVERSITY OF

Ottawa, Ontario

Faculty of Engineering

  • Biomedical Mechanical Engineering: 2009-
  • Chemical Engineering:  1965-
  • Civil Engineering:  1971-
  • Computer Engineering:  1990-
  • Electrical Engineering:  1965-
  • Mechanical Engineering: 1971-
  • Software Engineering:  2001-

POLYTECHNIQUE, ÉCOLE

Montréal, Québec

(affiliated with l’Université de Montréal)

  • Génie aérospatial 2012-
  • Génie biomédical 2012-
  • Génie chimique 1965-
  • Génie civil 1965-
  • Génie des matériaux 1990-2012
  • Génie des mines 1991-
  • Génie électrique 1965-
  • Génie géologique 1965-
  • Génie industriel 1973-
  • Génie informatique 1989-
  • Génie logiciel 2005-
  • Génie mécanique 1965-
  • Génie métallurgique 1965-1989
  • Génie minier 1965-1991
  • Génie physique 1965-
  • Première année - Tronc commun 1980-

QUÉBEC EN ABITBI-TÉMISCAMINGUE, UNIVERSITÉ DU

Rouyn-Noranda, Québec

Unité d’enseignement et de recherche en sciences appliquées

  • Génie électromécanique: 2000-
  • Génie mécanique:  2010-

QUÉBEC À CHICOUTIMI, UNIVERSITÉ DU

Chicoutimi, Québec

Département des sciences appliquées

  • Génie civil 2012-
  • Génie électrique 2004-
  • Génie géologique 1983-
  • Génie informatique 1992-
  • Génie mécanique 2004-
  • Génie unifié 1981-2009
  • Ingénierie de l'aluminium 2008-2012

QUÉBEC À MONTRÉAL, UNIVERSITÉ DU

Montréal, Québec

Faculté des sciences

  • Génie microélectronique: 2007-

QUÉBEC EN OUTAOUAIS, UNIVERSITÉ DU

Gatineau, Québec

(formerly Québec à Hull, Université du)

Module de l’ingénierie

  • Génie informatique:  2002-

QUÉBEC À RIMOUSKI, UNIVERSITÉ DU

Rimouski, Québec

Module de génie

  • Génie des systèmes électromécaniques: 1998-
  • Génie électrique:  2009-
  • Génie mécanique:  2009-

QUÉBEC À TROIS-RIVIÈRES, UNIVERSITÉ DU  

Trois-Rivières, Québec

École d’ingénierie

  • Génie chimique 1990-
  • Génie électrique 1978-
  • Génie industriel 1980-
  • Génie mécanique 2000-
  • Génie mécanique manufacturier 1987-1999

QUEEN’S UNIVERSITY

Kingston, Ontario

Faculty of Applied Science

  • Chemical Engineering 1965-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 2002-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering Chemistry 1979-
  • Engineering Physics 1965-
  • Geological Engineering 1975-
  • Materials and Metallurgical Engineering 1992-2002
  • Mathematics and Engineering 1974-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Metallurgical Engineering 1965-1991
  • Mining Engineering 1965-
  • Year One - Common 1980-

REGINA, UNIVERSITY OF

Regina, Saskatchewan

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

  • Electronic Information Systems Engineering 1986-1994
  • Electronic Systems Engineering 1995-
  • Environmental Systems Engineering 1997-
  • Industrial Systems Engineering 1984-
  • Petroleum Systems Engineering 2003-
  • Regional Environmental Systems Engineering 1990-1997
  • Regional Systems Engineering 1984-1989
  • Software Systems Engineering 2007-
  • Systems Engineering 1981-1983
  • Year One - Common 1980-

ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE OF CANADA

Kingston, Ontario

Faculty of Engineering

  • Aeronautical Engineering 2009-
  • Chemical and Materials Engineering 1992-2001
  • Chemical Engineering 1965-1981, 2001-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 1983-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering and Management 1972-1995
  • Engineering Physics 1975-1995
  • Fuels and Materials Engineering 1982-1991
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Year One - Common 1980-

RYERSON POLYTECHNICAL INSTITUTE

(see Ryerson University)

  • RPI offered accredited engineering programs in 1992.

RYERSON POLYTECHNICAL UNIVERSITY (RPU)

(see Ryerson University)

  • RPU offered accredited engineering programs from 1992 to 2002.

RYERSON UNIVERSITY

Toronto, Ontario

(formerly Ryerson Polytechnical Institute, 1964-1992, and Ryerson Polytechnic University, 1992-2002)

Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Science

  • Aerospace Engineering 1992-
  • Biomedical Engineering 2012-
  • Chemical Engineering 1992-
  • Civil Engineering 1992-
  • Computer Engineering 2006-
  • Electrical Engineering 1992-
  • Industrial Engineering 1992-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1992-
  • Year One - Common 1992-

SASKATCHEWAN, UNIVERSITY OF

Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

College of Engineering

  • Agricultural and Bioresource Engineering 1992-
  • Agricultural Engineering 1965-1992
  • Chemical Engineering 1965-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 2009-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering Physics 1965-
  • Environmental Engineering 2011-
  • Geological Engineering 1965-
  • Geological Engineering (Geophysics) 1975-1999
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Mining Engineering 1974-1976
  • Year One - Common 1980-

SHERBROOKE, UNIVERSITÉ DE

Sherbrooke, Québec

Faculté de génie

  • Génie biotechnologique: 2008-
  • Génie chimique:   1973-
  • Génie civil:   1965-
  • Génie électrique:   1965-
  • Génie informatique:   1997-
  • Génie mécanique:   1965-

SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY

Burnaby, British Columbia

School of Engineering Science

  • Engineering Science:   1986-
  • Mechatronic Systems Engineering: 2011-

SIR GEORGE WILLIAMS UNIVERSITY (SGW)

(see Concordia University)

SGW offered accredited engineering programs from 1969 to 1974.

TORONTO, UNIVERSITY OF

Toronto, Ontario

Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering

  • Chemical Engineering 1965-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 1994-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering Science 1965-
  • Geo-Engineering 1983-1990
  • Geological and Mineral Engineering 1991-1998
  • Geological Engineering 1965-1974
  • Geological Engineering and Applied Earth Science 1975-1982
  • Industrial Engineering 1965-
  • Materials Engineering 1996-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science 1986-1995
  • Metallurgy and Materials Science 1965-1985
  • Mineral Engineering 1999-
  • Year One - Common 1999-

VICTORIA, UNIVERSITY OF

Victoria, British Columbia

Faculty of Engineering

  • Biomedical Engineering 2016-
  • Computer Engineering 1988-
  • Electrical Engineering 1988-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1992-
  • Software Engineering 2007-
  • Year One - Common 1980-

WATERLOO, UNIVERSITY OF

Waterloo, Ontario

Faculty of Engineering

  • Chemical Engineering 1965-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 1989-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Environmental Engineering 1999-
  • Geological Engineering 1986-
  • Management Engineering 2012-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Mechatronics Engineering 2008-
  • Nanotechnology Engineering 2010-
  • Software Engineering 2006-
  • Systems Design Engineering 1974-

WESTERN ONTARIO, THE UNIVERSITY OF

London, Ontario

Faculty of Engineering

  • Chemical and Biochemical Engineering 1972-2006
  • Chemical Engineering 1965-1971, 2007-
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Computer Engineering 2001-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Green Process Engineering 2012-
  • Integrated Engineering 2001-
  • Materials Engineering 1968-1999
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Mechatronic Systems Engineering 2014-
  • Software Engineering 2001-
  • Year One - Common 1980-

WINDSOR, UNIVERSITY OF

Windsor, Ontario

Faculty of Engineering

  • Chemical Engineering 1965-1990
  • Civil Engineering 1965-
  • Electrical Engineering 1965-
  • Engineering Materials 1974-1991
  • Environmental Engineering 1991-
  • Geological Engineering 1972-1989
  • Industrial Engineering 1974-
  • Mechanical Engineering 1965-
  • Year One - Common 1980-

YORK UNIVERSITY

Toronto, Ontario

Faculty of Science and Engineering

  • Computer Engineering 2007-
  • Electrical Engineering 2007-
  • Geomatics Engineering 2007-
  • Software Engineering 2016-
  • Space Engineering 2007-
 

Appendix C

Canadian discipline categories as used in this report

This section provides a comprehensive listing of program titles, as provided by the post-secondary, which are currently offered at both the undergraduate (accredited) and postgraduate levels in Canada only. The “discipline” listing is the broad category within which a number of similar programs are grouped. While this report does not provide detailed data on individual programs, the information can be obtained by contacting Engineers Canada.

Discipline: Biosystems 

Program

  • Agricultural and Bioresource Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Biological Engineering
  • Biomedical and Mechanical
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomedical Mechanical Engineering
  • Biosystems Engineering
  • Chemical and Biological Engineering
  • Forest Engineering
  • Génie agroenvironnemental
  • Génie alimentaire
  • Génie biomédical

Discipline: Civil

Program

  • Architectural Conservation and Sustainability
  • Building Engineering
  • Civil & Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Génie civil
  • Génie de la construction
  • Infrastructure Protection & International Security
  • Safety and Risk Engineering

Discipline: Electrical 

Program

  • Biomedical and Electrical
  • Communications Engineering
  • Electrical & Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electrical/Computer Engineering
  • Electronic Business Technologies
  • Energy Systems Engineering
  • Génie des opérations et de la logistique
  • Génie des technologies de l'information
  • Génie électrique
  • Génie électromécanique
  • Génie énergétique
  • Information systems security
  • Quality Systems Engineering
  • Sustainable Energy Engineering

Discipline: Geological

Program

  • Génie géologique
  • Geological Engineering

Discipline: Materials or Metallurgical

Program

  • Génie des matériaux et de la métallurgie
  • Génie métallurgique
  • Materials Engineering
  • Materials Science
  • Materials Science & Engineering
  • Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science
  • Mining/Materials Engineering

Discipline: Other

Program

  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Centre for Business, Entrepreneurship & Technology
  • Core Program
  • Doctorat en ingénierie
  • Doctorat en ressources minérales
  • Engineering and Public Policy
  • Engineering Design
  • Engineering Entrepreneurship & Innovation
  • Engineering Management
  • General Engineering
  • Génie
  • Génie aérospatial
  • Génie des systèmes électromécaniques
  • Génie du bois
  • Génie géomatique
  • Génie nucléaire
  • Génie unifié
  • Geomatics Engineering
  • Green Process Engineering
  • Information and Systems Engineering
  • Ingénierie
  • Integrated Engineering
  • Internetworking
  • Maîtrise en ingénierie
  • Maîtrise en ingénierie (gestion)
  • Management Engineering
  • Management Sciences
  • Masters of Engineering Degree
  • Nuclear Engineering
  • Ocean and Naval Architectural Engineering
  • Oil and Gas Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Petroleum Systems Engineering
  • Process Engineering
  • Process Systems Engineering
  • Sciences appliquées
  • Systems Design Engineering
  • Systems Science
  • TIM (Systems)
  • UNENE

Discipline: Chemical 

Program

  • Chemical & Petroleum Engineering
  • Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering
  • Génie biotechnologique
  • Génie chimique
  • Nanotechnology Engineering

Discipline: Computer 

Program

  • Computational Science and Engineering
  • Computer Engineering
  • Computer Networks
  • Computer Science
  • Computer Systems Engineering
  • Electronic Systems Engineering
  • Engineering Systems and Computing
  • Génie informatique
  • Human Computer Interaction

Discipline: Engineering Physics 

Program

  • Engineering Chemistry
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Science
  • Génie physique
  • Mathematics and Engineering
  • Mathématiques
  • Mathématiques ingénieur

Discipline: Environmental 

Program

  • Sciences de la Terre et de l'atmosphère
  • Clean Energy Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Systems Engineering
  • Génie des eaux
  • Maîtrise en génie de l'environnement
  • Maîtrise en Sciences de la Terre
  • Sustainable & Renewable Energy
  • Water Resources Engineering

Discipline: Industrial or Manufacturing 

Program

  • Advanced Design and Manufacturing Institute
  • Génie de la production automatisée
  • Génie industriel
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Industrial Systems Engineering
  • Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Manufacturing Engineering

Discipline: Mechanical 

Program

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Energy Engineering
  • Génie mécanique
  • Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical & Materials Engineering
  • Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanical Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical/Industrial Engineering
  • Mechatronic Systems Engineering
  • Mechatronics Engineering
  • Space Engineering

Discipline: Mining or Mineral

Program

  • Génie des mines
  • Génie des mines et de la minéralurgie
  • Génie minéral
  • Mineral and Mining Exploration Engineering
  • Mineral Engineering
  • Mineral Resources Engineering
  • Mining Engineering
  • Natural Resources Engineering

Discipline: Software

Program

  • Génie logiciel
  • Information Technology
  • Software Engineering
  • Software Engineering & Virtual Systems Design
  • Software Systems Engineering

Year One/Two: 

  • Common First and Second Year 

Common Year: 

  • Undeclared Major Engineering
  • Year One - Common

The discipline Engineering Science (E.Sci.) involves science-intensive studies in engineering physics, engineering bioscience, engineering chemistry and other specializations offered by universities with accredited engineering science programs.

Several universities in Canada have common first-year and, in some cases, second-year programs. Students in these programs do not declare a discipline of study in their first year or, as applicable, second year. The total number of students in common first-, second- and qualifying-year programs have been separated from the “Other” category, beginning with the 1997 data. This subdivision will be continued in future years.

 

Appendix D

Associated universities explained

Dalhousie University, Royal Military College of Canada (RMC), and Associated Universities

The bachelor of engineering degree awarded by Dalhousie University is normally conferred in association with one of several associated universities. The program of study is divided into two parts: the associated universities offer programs in engineering covering the first part of the requirements for the degree and the Faculty of Engineering at Dalhousie offers courses in several departments of engineering covering the second part. There are other higher education institutions in Canada that operate under this model. Under the Accreditation Board's regulations for granting credits, a formally documented validation procedure must be in place.

Some of the associated universities include the following:

  • Acadia University
  • University of Cape Breton
  • Dalhousie University
  • Mount Allison University (as of 2000, no longer offering engineering programs)
  • Nova Scotia Agricultural College
  • St. Francis Xavier University
  • Saint Mary’s University